Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
Vitamin D supplementation can reduce the incidence of advanced cancer among older adults, in particular those with a normal BMI but not those who are overweight or obese, suggests the large VITAL* randomized study presented during the ASCO 2020 Meeting.
Stephen Padilla, 19 Jul 2019
A quadruple combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) demonstrates similar effects when compared to a triple cART in treatment-naïve people with HIV, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 01 Jun 2020
Current three-drug combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens have proven to be highly effective, and the use of the relatively inexpensive rilpivirine (RPV) appears to have considerably better tolerability profile than efavirenz or protease inhibitors in regimens containing abacavir plus lamivudine (ABC/3TC) for treatment-naïve patients, offering a good, less costly approach to suppressing HIV, as shown in a Singapore study.
05 Jun 2020
Darunavir lacks potent in vitro antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 and is therefore not supported for use in the treatment of COVID-19, according to a recent study.

Bronchitis (Patient Counselling Guide)

05 Jun 2020
Bronchitis is a respiratory tract infection that causes an inflammation of the air passages to the lungs, particularly the bronchial tubes. There are two basic forms of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is characterized by a sudden onset and shorter episodes. In this type of bronchitis, the inflammation of the air passages or bronchi is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection, and is aggravated by exposure to irritants eg, tobacco smoke, air pollution, chemical fumes, dust, etc. Chronic bronchitis is characterized by prolonged recurring episodes (3 months in a year for 2 consecutive years). In this type, the inflammation of the bronchi persists for some time and obstructs the normal flow of air. Symptoms normally arise because of cigarette smoking and are worsened by infection or prolonged irritant exposure. Bronchitis often coexists with the condition emphysema (ie, damage to the air sacs or alveoli). Causes of bronchitis, in general, include tobacco/cigarette smoking and air pollution, which constantly irritate the airways resulting in inflammation and production of excessive mucus. The condition leads to the narrowing of the air passages, hence making them more prone to infection, and therefore more recurrent and more damaging. Complications of bronchitis include emphysema, frequent respiratory tract infections, and hemoptysis (coughing up blood).

* Click below to view Patient Counselling Guide in Thai
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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
Vitamin D supplementation can reduce the incidence of advanced cancer among older adults, in particular those with a normal BMI but not those who are overweight or obese, suggests the large VITAL* randomized study presented during the ASCO 2020 Meeting.
Stephen Padilla, 19 Jul 2019
A quadruple combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) demonstrates similar effects when compared to a triple cART in treatment-naïve people with HIV, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 01 Jun 2020
Current three-drug combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens have proven to be highly effective, and the use of the relatively inexpensive rilpivirine (RPV) appears to have considerably better tolerability profile than efavirenz or protease inhibitors in regimens containing abacavir plus lamivudine (ABC/3TC) for treatment-naïve patients, offering a good, less costly approach to suppressing HIV, as shown in a Singapore study.
05 Jun 2020
Darunavir lacks potent in vitro antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 and is therefore not supported for use in the treatment of COVID-19, according to a recent study.