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Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

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Breastfeeding during early life reduces need for pacifiers

05 Nov 2019

Exclusive breastfeeding (EB) for the first 6 months after birth appears to reduce pacifier-sucking behaviours at 12 months of life, a recent study has found.

Researchers enrolled 1,307 infants who were followed up to 12 months of life. Breastfeeding patterns were assessed 4 and 6 months after birth. Infants were categorized into four breastfeeding types: exclusive, predominant, complementary or none. The effect of breastfeeding type on pacifier behaviours was the primary outcome.

Of the participants, majority did not use pacifiers at 12 months (n=590; 51.5 percent male); the remaining 447 did (54.1 percent male). Using month 4 observations, researchers found that infants who had been complementarily breastfed or who had not been breastfed at all were more likely to exhibit pacifier-sucking behaviours at 12 months.

The same was true for children whose breastfeeding patterns were observed at 6 months. In comparison, exclusive and predominant breastfeeding seemed to attenuate the need for pacifiers.

Logistic regression analysis found that no (adjusted relative risk [RR], 2.67, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 2.24–3.17) and complementary (adjusted RR, 1.68, 95 percent CI, 1.39–2.02) breastfeeding for the first 4 months of life were significant risk factors for pacifier behaviours at 12 months. Risk estimates were calculated in comparison to EB.

Similarly, no (adjusted RR, 3.30, 95 percent CI, 2.40–4.54) and complementary (adjusted RR, 1.43, 95 percent CI, 1.03–2.00) breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life correlated significantly with a higher likelihood of pacifier use after 12 months.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

About one-quarter of the calories consumed by children and adolescents may be acquired from empty calories, according to a US-based study presented at Nutrition 2020 Live Online.

Elaine Soliven, 20 Jul 2020
Treatment with riboflavin significantly reduced monthly headache days in children and adolescents with migraine, according to a study presented at AHS 2020.
17 Jun 2020
Ketogenic diet is safe and useful for treating infants with drug-resistant epilepsy, a recent study suggests.
Elaine Soliven, 18 Jul 2020

The use of insulin detemir among women with pre-existing diabetes was not associated with an increased risk of negative pregnancy outcomes, such as major congenital malformations and perinatal or neonatal deaths, compared with other basal insulins, according to the EVOLVE* study.