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Roshini Claire Anthony, 28 Jul 2020

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Breastfeeding does not cause dental caries in children

02 May 2020

Prolonged breastfeeding does not lead to early childhood caries (ECC), a recent study has shown, noting the need to limit foods high in free sugars to reduce the prevalence of ECC.

No independent association was found between breastfeeding beyond 1 year of age and ECC (prevalence ratio [PR], 1.12, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.67–1.88). However, the direction of effect suggested a possible association.

Of note, the factors independently associated with ECC were the following: high intakes of free sugars (PR, 1.97, 95 percent CI, 1.13–3.44) and greater socioeconomic disadvantage (PR, 2.15, 95 percent CI, 1.08–4.28). Most participants who were breastfed at age 1 year had stopped by 18 months or 2 years.

“Given the wide-ranging benefits of breastfeeding … recommendations to limit breastfeeding are unwarranted, and breastfeeding should be promoted in line with global and national recommendations,” the authors said.

This study sought to examine the relationship between dietary practices and ECC in a birth cohort of Australian preschoolers. To determine the prevalence of ECC (based on the presence of decayed, missing or filled tooth surfaces), participants had a standardized dental examination at age 2–3 years.

Breastfeeding practices were reported at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months of age, while free sugar intakes were evaluated at age 1 and 2 years. The authors used multivariable regression models to estimate PRs for the association between ECC and breastfeeding duration and between ECC and sleep feeding practices at 1 year, controlling for sociodemographic factors and free sugars intake.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 28 Jul 2020

About one-quarter of the calories consumed by children and adolescents may be acquired from empty calories, according to a US-based study presented at Nutrition 2020 Live Online.

Elaine Soliven, 20 Jul 2020
Treatment with riboflavin significantly reduced monthly headache days in children and adolescents with migraine, according to a study presented at AHS 2020.
17 Jun 2020
Ketogenic diet is safe and useful for treating infants with drug-resistant epilepsy, a recent study suggests.
23 Mar 2020
Epilepsy appears to be common in infants and children a year after cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) diagnosis, a recent study has found.