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Better diet quality helps slow weight gain in young women

18 Jun 2020
Malaysians should educate themselves more, along with relying on reliable sources for a healthier diet and lifestyle.

Young women who follow better diets tend to gain less weight over time, a recent study has found.

Drawing from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health, researchers enrolled 4,083 young women (aged 27–31 years) with healthy baseline body mass index (18.5 to <25 kg/m2). The Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) and the Fruit and Vegetable Index (FAVI) were used to evaluate diet quality. Weight change was tracked over 6 years of follow-up.

The average weight gained over the follow-up period was 3.5±6.7 kg. Both diet quality inventories showed low scores. The mean ARFS score was 29.3±9.2 out of a maximum of 74, while the average FAVI score was 73.1±44.2 out of a maximum of 333. The total daily energy intake was 6,848.5±2,620.9 kJ.

Categorizing the women according to ARFS tertiles revealed differences in weight gain: 4.1±6.8, 3.6±6.5 and 3.7±6.7 kg for the lowest, middle, and top tertiles, respectively (p=0.04).

A similar trend was found for other health habits. For instance, there were significantly more current smokers in the lowest tertile than in the middle and top tertiles of ARFS (19.8 percent vs 12.66 percent and 12.6 percent; p<0.00). Similarly, more women in the highest category of ARFS engaged in high physical activity (p<0.00).

Weight gain was likewise different across tertiles of FAVI scores: 4.9±7.3, 3.8±6.3, and 3.5±6.7 kg for the first, second, and third tertiles, respectively (p=0.00).

“[C]onsuming a diet that aligns more closely with recommendations in the national dietary guidelines, including consumption of plenty of vegetables and fruit, may help to slow the rate of weight gain,” said researchers.

“Further research is needed over a longer follow-up period, and in other populations to further examine the relationship between diet quality and weight change,” they added.

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Most Read Articles
06 Jul 2020
Routinely used for treating cardiovascular diseases, statins have been shown to benefit other conditions, and new evidence suggests that using the drug at high intensity reduces the risk of hip or knee replacement, an effect that may be specific to rheumatoid arthritis.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 06 Jul 2020
Following vegan and vegetarian diets, which offer plenty of what is good for health, has been reported to have a downside: an increased risk of depression and anxiety, especially for younger adults.
Pearl Toh, 29 Jun 2020
Having migraine during midlife appears to be associated with a higher risk of developing dementia in later life, according to a large population-based longitudinal Danish study presented at the AHS* 2020 Virtual Meeting, indicating that migraine may be a risk factor for dementia.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 5 days ago

Upadacitinib may be a suitable treatment for patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who have insufficient response to non-biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (non-bDMARDs), according to results of the phase III SELECT-PsA-1* trial presented at EULAR 2020.