Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 29 Jun 2020
Having migraine during midlife appears to be associated with a higher risk of developing dementia in later life, according to a large population-based longitudinal Danish study presented at the AHS* 2020 Virtual Meeting, indicating that migraine may be a risk factor for dementia.
Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
After treatment with fremanezumab, a difficult-to-treat patient population with treatment-resistant episodic or chronic migraine saw sustained benefits across a broad range of measures, according to multiple analyses of the FOCUS study released during the AHS 2020 Virtual Meeting.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 13 Aug 2019

An active lifestyle, regardless of vascular risk, may delay the progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by slowing down cognitive decline and neurodegeneration, according to a study presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference (AAIC 2019).

Pearl Toh, 26 Jul 2019
Sex-specific differences in the way brain regions are connected may influence how tau propagates through the brain and thus, differences in the risk of Alzheimer’s disease between men and women; while participating in the workforce may help stave cognitive decline in women, suggest studies presented at AAIC 2019.

Bedside melodies help relieve cardiac procedural pain

17 Jun 2020

Music therapy provides effective pain relief in patients undergoing cardiac procedures, in addition to improving respiration rate and systolic blood pressure, according to the results of a meta-analysis.

Researchers searched multiple electronic databases for studies evaluating the beneficial effects of music intervention/therapy vs control in patients who were suffering pain from cardiac procedures (open heart surgery, cardiac catheterization, C-clamp procedure, chest tube removal, and cardiac computed tomography scan).

Fourteen studies were included in the meta-analysis, contributing to a total of 1,143 participants receiving cardiac procedures. Music intervention/therapy (classical, jazz, nature, or folk music) was performed prior to, during, and after the procedure in four, three, and seven studies. Twelve studies mentioned the patients’ heart rate, seven evaluated respiration rate, nine measured systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and nine assessed pain.

Pooled data showed that compared with control (no intervention, usual care, or any active intervention), music interventions produced favourable effects on pain scales (mean deviation [MD], –1.84), heart rate (MD, –2.62), respiration rate (MD, –2.57), systolic blood pressure (MD, –5.11), and diastolic blood pressure (MD, 0.44).

Despite the heterogeneous nature and overall high risk of bias, the present data may be of value to clinicians and researchers looking to use music intervention as procedural support. The researchers recommended additional investigations to establish the effects of music intervention during cardiac procedures.

Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 29 Jun 2020
Having migraine during midlife appears to be associated with a higher risk of developing dementia in later life, according to a large population-based longitudinal Danish study presented at the AHS* 2020 Virtual Meeting, indicating that migraine may be a risk factor for dementia.
Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
After treatment with fremanezumab, a difficult-to-treat patient population with treatment-resistant episodic or chronic migraine saw sustained benefits across a broad range of measures, according to multiple analyses of the FOCUS study released during the AHS 2020 Virtual Meeting.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 13 Aug 2019

An active lifestyle, regardless of vascular risk, may delay the progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by slowing down cognitive decline and neurodegeneration, according to a study presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference (AAIC 2019).

Pearl Toh, 26 Jul 2019
Sex-specific differences in the way brain regions are connected may influence how tau propagates through the brain and thus, differences in the risk of Alzheimer’s disease between men and women; while participating in the workforce may help stave cognitive decline in women, suggest studies presented at AAIC 2019.