Anxiety, depression unrelated to cardiovascular health in youth
There appears to be no significant association between self-reported depression or anxiety and cardiovascular risk factors in children, a recent study has found.
The study included 202 youths (mean age 12.7±2.64 years; 51.5 percent male) whose cardiovascular health was evaluated across a wide range of body mass index (BMI) values. Self-reports of anxiety and depression symptoms were collected via the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders (SCARED) and Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC).
The mean score of the 196 participants who accomplished SCARED was 16.5±13.0, with 26 percent (n=50) scoring at or above the threshold for anxiety. In comparison, 201 participants completed the CES-DC. The resulting mean score was 11.2±8.6, with 23 percent (n=47) scoring at or above the threshold for depression.
In the fully adjusted models controlling for percent body fat, there were no significant differences in cardiometabolic outcomes between participants with and without anxiety: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (difference, –1.37; 95 percent CI, –10.59 to 7.84; p=0.770), triglycerides (difference, –6.30; –21.34 to 8.75; p=0.412), cholesterol ratio (difference, –0.14; –0.51 to 0.22 p=0.440) and metabolic syndrome cluster (difference, –0.03; –0.22 to –0.16; p=0.766), among others.
The same was true for cardiometabolic factors between participants with and without depression: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (difference, –2.47; –6.05 to 1.12; p=0.117), pulse wave velocity (difference, 0.24; –0.12 to 0.60; p=0.184), triglycerides (difference, 5.06; –10.87 to 20.98; p=0.534) and metabolic syndrome cluster (difference, 0.01; –0.15 to 0.18; p=0.881).