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Age predicts moderate anxiety, depression in pregnant women

03 Sep 2017
Suicidal thoughts and preoccupation with death in the elderly may be due to underlying causes like depression or dementia and should raise some flags

Moderate anxiety and depression (A&D) are common among pregnant women and are linked to age, reports a new study from Pakistan.

An Urdu version of the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), a 14-item questionnaire that generates depression and anxiety scores, was administered to 752 pregnant women from several gynaecology outpatient departments. Those on antidepressants or with previous histories of A&D were excluded.

Other relevant information, such as sociodemographic and economic factors, were also collected by way of structured questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to determine predictors of A&D, while the Chi Square test was performed to identify correlations among the factors.

Of the participants, 65.2 percent (n=490) reported feeling tense from time to time. Age (p<0.001) and number of children (p<0.0011) were significantly associated with the said response and moderately positively correlated with each other.

Similarly, age (p=0.006), number of children (p<0.001) and monthly income (p=0.001) were significantly associated with cheerfulness during pregnancy. Majority (52.0 percent; n=391) of the respondents gave a “not often” response to feeling cheerful during pregnancy.

Age (p=0.007) and monthly income (p=0.001) were slightly positively associated with sudden panic during pregnancy, while age (p=0.003), education (p<0.001) and monthly income (p=0.004) were significantly linked to being able to enjoy a good book or television programme during pregnancy.

After dichotomizing the HADS scores to show those with and without stress/anxiety, logistic regression showed that age was a significant predictor of A&D (adjusted odds ratio, 1.23; 95 percent CI, 1.13 to 1.62; p<0.001).

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Most Read Articles
4 days ago
Combining the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet with low sodium intake reduces systolic blood pressure (SBP) in individuals with pre- and stage 1 hypertension, with progressively higher reductions at greater levels of baseline SBP, a recent study has shown.
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
Major depressive disorder (MDD) appears to be more prevalent in females than in males, particularly in those who are divorced or widowed, a recent study from Singapore has found.
3 days ago
Tadalafil may not be effective for reducing the decline in ambulatory ability in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), as shown in a recent study.
6 days ago
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) appears to significantly increase the risks of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), particularly squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a recent study has shown.