Patients with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis have classic symptoms of tonsillar swelling/exudates, tender anterior cervical lymphadenopathy, with no cough but with fever of >38ºC.
Clinical features suggestive of a viral etiology are conjunctivitis, absence of fever, coryza, cough, diarrhea, anterior stomatitis, hoarseness, discrete ulcerative lesions, rhinorrhea and viral exanthem and/or enanthem.
Antibiotics will not be needed for every patient that presents with sore throat but it should not be withheld if the clinical condition is severe or group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus is suspected.
A large number of patients who present at outpatient clinics with symptoms of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) during influenza seasons are prescribed antibiotics despite not needing them, a finding that highlights the overuse of antibiotics in ARIs, a recent study showed.
Children who undergo adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, or both (adenotonsillectomy) within the first 9 years of life may have an elevated long-term risk of respiratory, allergic, or infectious diseases, results from a Denmark-based study show.
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White matter (WM) integrity in HIV-infected children is compromised despite early antiretroviral therapy (ART) and viral load (VL) suppression, with damage persisting at 5 years of age and evidence of new damage present, a recent study has shown.
Patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) seem to die at a younger age than people without inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), while those with ulcerative colitis (UC) die later, according to a recent study presented at the Crohn’s and Colitis Congress (CCC) 2020.