tonsillopharyngitis%20-%20acute
TONSILLOPHARYNGITIS - ACUTE
Patients with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis have classic symptoms of tonsillar swelling/exudates, tender anterior cervical lymphadenopathy, with no cough but with fever of >38ºC.
Clinical features suggestive of a viral etiology are conjunctivitis, absence of fever, coryza, cough, diarrhea, anterior stomatitis, hoarseness, discrete ulcerative lesions, rhinorrhea and viral exanthem and/or enanthem.
Antibiotics will not be needed for every patient that presents with sore throat but it should not be withheld if the clinical condition is severe or group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus is suspected.
Drug Information

Indication: Relief of mild to moderate pain & fever.

Indication: Short-term treatment of upper & lower resp tract, skin & soft tissue, GUT infections. Tab & inj Sh...

Indication: Infections of nose-pharynx tract (tonsillitis, pharyngitis) & of paranasal sinuses; lower resp tract: bron...

Indication: Upper & lower resp tract infection, upper & lower UTI, peritonitis, cholecystitis, cholangitis & o...

Indication: Upper & lower resp tract infections including sinusitis, otitis media & epiglottitis, bacterial pneumo...

Indication: Infections caused by susceptible organisms in lower resp tract (eg, bronchitis, pneumonia), skin & soft ti...

Indication: Tab/powd for oral susp Lower resp tract infections including bronchitis & pneumonia; skin & soft tissu...

Indication: Signs & symptoms of arthritis deformans, periarthritis humero-scapularis, tendinitis, peritendinitis, hume...

Indication: Symptomatic relief of mouth & throat infections including mouth ulcers caused by susceptible bacteria &...

Indication: Upper & lower resp tract infections, GUT, skin & soft tissue infections, gonorrhoea, acute uncomplicat...

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Macrolide antibiotics are derived from the Streptomycesspecies. These contain either 14-membered (erythromycin [ERM],clarithromycin [CAM], roxithromycin [RXM]), 15-membered(azithromycin [AZM]) or 16-membered (spiramycin, josamycin,midecamycin) macrocyclic lactone rings. They inhibit proteinsynthesis by reversibly binding to the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)in the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome. Traditionally,macrolides are used as first-line agents in respiratory, skin,soft tissue, and urogenital infections, and they are also activeagainst gram-positive cocci and atypical pathogens.