Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail bed, nail plate or both. It is caused by dermatophytes, non-dermatophyte molds and yeast.
Tinea unguium or dermatophytic onychomycosis is a dermatophyte infection of the nail more commonly affecting the toenails than the fingernails.
It is usually asymptomatic and patients first consult for cosmetic reasons.
It is suspected if there are changes in the 3rd or 5th toenail, involvement of the 1st and 5th toenails on the same foot and unilateral nail changes.
Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.
The addition of ezetimibe improves statin treatment in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with dyslipidaemia and low eicosapentaenoic acid-to-arachidonic acid (EPA/AA) ratio, resulting in a lowered risk of cardiovascular events compared to monotherapy, according to a study presented at the recently concluded 2019 Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC 2019) held in Paris, France.