Tinea capitis is a contagious dermatophytosis affecting the hair shaft and follicles of the scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes.
It is most common in the crowded areas as infection originates from
contact with a pet or an infected person and asymptomatic carriage
It primarily affects children 3-7 years of age.
The causative agents are the genus Trichophyton and Microsporum.
Cardinal clinical feature is the combination of inflammation with hair breakage and loss.
White matter (WM) integrity in HIV-infected children is compromised despite early antiretroviral therapy (ART) and viral load (VL) suppression, with damage persisting at 5 years of age and evidence of new damage present, a recent study has shown.