Tinea capitis is a contagious dermatophytosis affecting the hair shaft and follicles of the scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes.
It is most common in the crowded areas as infection originates from
contact with a pet or an infected person and asymptomatic carriage
It primarily affects children 3-7 years of age.
The causative agents are the genus Trichophyton and Microsporum.
Cardinal clinical feature is the combination of inflammation with hair breakage and loss.
Use of systemic antibiotics, in conjunction with performance of incision and drainage, in the management of paediatric acute skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) appears to reduce Staphylococcus aureus colonization and the likelihood of infection recurrence, a prospective study has found.
Retreatment with ledipasvir and sofosbuvir with add-on ribavirin appears to be effective and well tolerated in genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients who have failed to respond to daclatasvir/asunaprevir combination therapy, according to a study.
Complicated and uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adults and children should be managed by identifying and treating predisposing or underlying risk factors, with antimicrobial treatment, if needed, based on urine culture results and regional antibiotic resistance patterns, according to new guidelines of the Urological Association of Asia (UAA) and Asian Association of UTI and STD (AAUS).