tinea%20capitis%20(pediatric)
TINEA CAPITIS (PEDIATRIC)
Tinea capitis lesions are a type of contagious dermatophytosis that are found on the scalp, hair follicles and/or surrounding skin.
It is most common in the crowded areas as infection originates from contact with a pet or an infected person and asymptomatic carriage persists indefinitely.
It primarily affects children 3-7 year of age.
The causative agents are the genus Trichophyton and Microsporum.
Cardinal clinical feature is the combination of inflammation with hair breakage and loss.

Tinea Capitis (Pediatric) References

  1. Berg D, Erickson P. Fungal infections in children: new developments and treatments. Postgrad Med. 2001 Jul;110(1):83-84,87-88,93-94. PMID: 11467045
  2. Fuller LC, Child FJ, Midgley G, et al. Diagnosis and management of scalp ringworm. Br Med J. 2003 Mar;326(7388):539-541. PMID: 12623917
  3. Higgins EM, Fuller LC, Smith CH. Guidelines for the management of tinea capitis. Br J Dermatol. 2000 Jul;143(1):53-58. PMID: 10886135
  4. Sladden M, Johnston G. Common skin infections in children. Br Med J. 2004 Jul;329(7457):329, 95-99. PMID: 15242915
  5. Andrews MD, Burns M. Common tinea infections in children. Am fam Physician. 2008 May;77(10):1415-1420. PMID: 18533375
  6. Aaron DM. Tinea capitis. Merck Manual; 2013 Mar. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologic_disorders/fungal_skin_infections/tinea_capitis.html. Accessed 23 Aug 2013
  7. Habif TP. Superficial fungal infections. Clinical dermatology: a color guide to diagnosis and therapy. 4th ed. Pennsylvania: Mosby, Elsevier; 2004:409-439
  8. MedWorm http://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Dermatology/12/ http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Dermatology-News.xml
  9. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  10. Bennassar A, Grimalt R. Management of tinea capitis in childhood. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2010 Jul;3:89-98. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/21437064/. Accessed 27 Mar 2014. PMID: 21437064
  11. DermNet NZ. Tinea capitis. DermNet NZ. http://dermnetnz.org/fungal/tinea-capitis.html. Dec 2013. Accessed 27 Mar 2014.
  12. Ferri FF. Tinea capitis. In: Ferri FF. Ferri’s clinical advisor 2014: 5 books in 1. 1st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2014:1098-1099.
  13. Goldstein AO, Goldstein BG. Dermatophyte (tinea) infections. UptoDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/dermatophyte-tinea-infections. Feb 2014. Accessed 27 Mar 2014.
  14. Kakourou T, Uksal U. Guidelines for the management of tinea capitis in children. Pediatr Dermatol. 2010 May;27(Suppl 3):226-228. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1470.2010.01137.x. Accessed 27 Mar 2014. PMID: 20609140
  15. Fuller LC, Barton RC, Mohd Mustapa MF, Proudfoot LE, Punjabi SP, Higgins EM. British Association of Dermatologists' guidelines for the management of tinea capitis 2014. Br J Dermatol. 2014 Sep;171(3):454-463. http://www.bad.org.uk/library-media/documents/Tinea%20capitis%20guidelines%202014.pdf. PMID: 25234064
  16. Schieke SM, Garg A. Chapter 188: superficial fungal infection. In: Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, Gilchrest BA, Paller AS, Leffell DJ, Wolff K, eds. Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine. 8th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2012.
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