Tinea capitis lesions are a type of contagious dermatophytosis that are found on the scalp, hair follicles and/or surrounding skin.
It is most common in the crowded areas as infection originates from contact with a pet or an infected person and asymptomatic carriage persists indefinitely.
It primarily affects children 3-7 year of age.
The causative agents are the genus Trichophyton and Microsporum.
Cardinal clinical feature is the combination of inflammation with hair breakage and loss.
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global problem. Chronic
HBV infection is probably the most common maternal infection encountered
in Hong Kong, China, and Southeast Asia. In Hong Kong, which is one of
the endemic areas, immunisation against HBV was first provided in 1983
to infants born to mothers who were screened positive for hepatitis B
surface antigen (HBsAg). Immunisation became widespread since November
1988, but HBsAg-positive mothers are still encountered frequently.1
Sudeta D Connolly, Sonali Nanayakkara,
01 Aug 2011
Anxiety disorders are one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents, but they often go undetected or untreated. Identification and effective treatment of childhood anxiety disorders can decrease the negative impact of these disorders on academic and social functioning in youth and their persistence into adulthood. Because of the national shortage of child and adolescent psychiatrists in the US, paediatricians are increasingly called on to be front-line partners with child mental health professionals to coordinate care—with screening and early identification as well as with multimodal treatment of childhood anxiety disorders.
Dr Michael Lim, consultant of the Division of Paediatric Pulmonary and Sleep in National University Hospital, Singapore, shares his insights with Pearl Toh on diagnosing and managing paediatric asthma in the primary care setting.