Testicular cancer is a rare neoplasm that arises from the testis. It commonly presents as a painless testicular mass.

It has high prevalence in young and middle-aged men in the age of 15-40 years old.

It is a highly treatable disease with a high cure rate.

Testicular primary germ cell tumors coming from the malignant transformation of primordial germ cells make up 95% of all testicular cancer.


Testicular Cancer References

  1. Albers P, Albrecht W, Algaba F, et al. Guidelines on testicular cancer. European Association of Urology. http://uroweb.org/wp-content/uploads/EAU-Guidelines-Testicular-Cancer-2015-v2.pdf. 2015.
  2. Motzer RJ, Feldman DR, Bosl GJ. Testicular cancer. In: Kasper DL, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, et al, eds. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2015:588-592.
  3. National Cancer Institute: PDQ® Testicular cancer treatment - for health professionals. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular/hp/testicular-treatment-pdq. 01 Oct 2015.
  4. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: testicular cancer version 1.2016. NCCN. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/testicular.pdf. 03 Nov 2015.
  5. Oh WK. Overview of the treatment of testicular germ cell tumors. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-the-treatment-of-testicular-germ-cell-tumors. 18 Jun 2015.
  6. Oldenburg J, Fosså SD, Nuver J, et al; ESMO Guidelines Working Group. Testicular seminoma and non-seminoma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2013 Oct;24(Suppl 6):vi125-132. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdt304. PMID: 24078656
  7. Steele GS, Richie JP, Oh WK, et al. Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and staging of testicular germ cell tumors. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-manifestations-diagnosis-and-staging-of-testicular-germ-cell-tumors. 18 Sep 2015.
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