Testicular cancer is a rare neoplasm that arises from the testis. It commonly presents as a painless testicular mass.

It has high prevalence in young and middle-aged men in the age of 15-40 years old.

It is a highly treatable disease with a high cure rate.

Testicular primary germ cell tumors coming from the malignant transformation of primordial germ cells make up 95% of all testicular cancer.


Differential Diagnosis

  • The following conditions need to be ruled out: Epididymitis, epididymoorchitis, testicular torsion
    • Epididymitis or orchitis that fails to improve w/ antibiotic therapy warrants further evaluation 
  • Rare differential diagnoses include hematoma, hernia, hydrocele, spermatocele, varicocele or syphilitic gumma
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