Tachycardia or tachyarrhythmia is used to describe the presence of cardiac rhythm abnormality in states when cardiac rate is increased to >100 bpm.
Divided into supraventricular and ventricular tachycardia.
Signs and symptoms related to rapid heart rate are altered sensorium,
angina, shortness of breath, myocardial infarction, hypotension and
other signs of shock (eg cold clammy skin, low urine output), heart
failure or pulmonary congestion.
Untreated white coat hypertension (WCH), but not treated white coat effect (WCE), may increase the risk for cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality, suggest the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis. Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) monitoring is thus important in the diagnosis and management of hypertension.
Risk factors for 1-year mortality in heart failure (HF) patients significantly differ between those with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially with regard to the use of beta-blockers or diuretics at discharge, according to a study. This suggests that these patients may benefit from individualized therapies.
Implementing the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline over that of the 2018 European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension (ESC/ESH) will give rise to a substantial increase in the prevalence of hypertension, as well as the number of adults who should receive medication, according to a study.