Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic, multisystem, inflammatory,
autoimmune disorder characterized by formation of autoantibodies
directed against self-antigens and immune-complex formation.
It can be suspected when ≥2 organ systems are involved.
It is predominantly diagnosed in females of childbearing age, rarely diagnosed before 8 years old.
Clinical presentation varies in different patients and the disease
activity varies over time in a single patient. Majority of patients have
arthralgia of the hand.
Patients who had undergone aortic valve replacement (AVR) have shorter life expectancy than the general population, a study has found. Apart from being substantial, this loss in life expectancy increases with younger age.
Women who receive a single dose of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid within 6 hours of operative vaginal delivery could significantly reduce their postpartum infection risk, according to the UK-based ANODE* trial.