sudden%20infant%20death%20syndrome
SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden death of an infant <1 year of age that is unexplained after a systematic investigation of the case as well as performance of a full autopsy, investigation of the death scene and review of the medical history.
Risk factors include sleeping in prone or side position, male infants are more likely to be affected than female infants, perinatal period and beyond age 6 months, sleeping on soft surfaces or bedding, overheating or thermal stress, maternal smoking during pregnancy, young maternal age and pregnancy-related factors (eg inadequate or absence of prenatal care, higher birth order, preterm birth and/or low birth wt).

Sudden%20infant%20death%20syndrome Signs and Symptoms

Definition

  • Sudden death of an infant <1 year that is unexplained after a systematic investigation of the case as well as performance of a full autopsy, investigation of the death scene & review of the medical history

Risk Factors

  • Sleeping in prone or side position has been constantly shown to increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
  • Studies show increased occurrence of death in the perinatal period & beyond age 6 months
  • Male patients are more likely to be affected than female patients
  • Sleeping on soft surfaces or bedding
  • Overheating or thermal stress
  • Maternal smoking during pregnancy
  • Young maternal age
  • Pregnancy-related factors (eg inadequate or absence of prenatal care, higher birth order, preterm birth &/or low birth weight)
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 23 Nov 2020
Fetoscopic laser ablation (FLP) is an effective treatment for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) in monochorionic twin pregnancies, but it requires a tertiary neonatal facility and a highly specialized team in performing intervention therapies for the treatment of potential complications, according to a Singapore study.
18 Nov 2020
Serum folate levels during pregnancy correlate with the child’s neurodevelopment at 2 years of age, particularly in terms of language development, a recent study has shown. Folate supplementation may be a valuable nutritional intervention to consider.
18 Oct 2020
Girls with higher body fat percentage and whose parents smoke are likely to undergo precocious puberty, as reported in a study.