Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden death of an infant <1 year of age that is unexplained after a systematic investigation of the case as well as performance of a full autopsy, investigation of the death scene and review of the medical history.
Risk factors include sleeping in prone or side position, male infants are more likely to be affected than female infants, perinatal period and beyond age 6 months, sleeping on soft surfaces or bedding, overheating or thermal stress, maternal smoking during pregnancy, young maternal age and pregnancy-related factors (eg inadequate or absence of prenatal care, higher birth order, preterm birth and/or low birth wt).
At least 2 months of breastfeeding may cut the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by half, with the protective benefit increasing as the duration increases and achieved regardless of breastfeeding patterns, a study has found.
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A family history of testicular cancer (TC), carcinoma, mesothelioma, sarcoma, malignant melanoma and malignant neuroepithelial tumours appears to increase the risk of paediatric and young adults’ TC, suggests a recent study.
Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) remains a significant contributor to paediatric disease burden across the world in the 21st century. Rehydration remains the mainstay of therapy, while pharmacotherapy may have adjunctive benefits. We seek to review the evolution in management strategies of paediatric AGE, in particular the child with viral AGE.
April 17 marks World Haemophilia Day, and this year’s theme is “Reaching Out – The First Step to Care”. Adjunct Assoc Prof Joyce Lam Ching Mei, head of the Haematology Laboratory and Blood Bank and senior consultant from the Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Service at KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Singapore, speaks to Elaine Soliven on the importance of recognizing and managing bleeding disorders in primary care.
The 2-year preventive oral health programme in Singapore has succeeded in lowering the presence of severe early childhood caries (SECC) among infants and toddlers, driven primarily by the implementation of targeted behaviour modifications, such as reducing the consumption of sweetened milk and increased use of fluoridated toothpaste, reports a study.