Ask, Advise to quit and Assess are the steps in approaching patients regarding smoking cessation.
All patients should be asked if they use tobacco and should have their tobacco status documented on a regular basis.
Patient with nicotine dependence is characterized by smoking within 30 minutes of waking, consuming >10 cigarettes/day and had withdrawal symptoms in previous attempts of quitting smoking.
Smokers should be strongly urged to quit at every physician encounter.
Advice should be clear, personalized, supportive and non-judgmental.
Determine the willingness of smoker to make a quit attempt.
Overall, the risk of lung cancer is higher in former and current smokers with higher concentrations of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), according to a study. Additionally, circulating hsCRP is not associated with the risk of lung adenocarcinoma and may reflect a prediagnostic disease state rather than a causal risk for lung cancer.