Ask, Advise to quit and Assess are the steps in approaching patients regarding smoking cessation.
All patients should be asked if they use tobacco and should have their tobacco status documented on a regular basis.
Patient with nicotine dependence is characterized by smoking within 30 minutes of waking, consuming >10 cigarettes/day and had withdrawal symptoms in previous attempts of quitting smoking.
Smokers should be strongly urged to quit at every physician encounter.
Advice should be clear, personalized, supportive and non-judgmental.
Determine the willingness of smoker to make a quit attempt.
Getting vaccinated against influenza can improve survival of patients with heart failure (HF), with earlier and more frequent vaccination being associated with a greater protection against deaths from cardiovascular (CV) events or any cause, a large Danish nationwide cohort study shows.
Adults who have obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) with excessively sleepy subtype are at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) compared with those without excessive daytime sleepiness, a study shows.