Ask, Advise to quit and Assess are the steps in approaching patients regarding smoking cessation.
All patients should be asked if they use tobacco and should have their tobacco status documented on a regular basis.
Patient with nicotine dependence is characterized by smoking within 30 minutes of waking, consuming >10 cigarettes/day and had withdrawal symptoms in previous attempts of quitting smoking.
Smokers should be strongly urged to quit at every physician encounter.
Advice should be clear, personalized, supportive and non-judgmental.
Determine the willingness of smoker to make a quit attempt.
Endorsement of unproven COVID-19 treatments by high-profile public figures led to a drastic increase in the search and purchase of said treatments in the US, according to a research letter published in JAMA.
Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have significant gut dysbiosis that persists even after viral clearance and resolution of respiratory symptoms, according to a metagenomic study by the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). These findings have led to the development of a probiotic supplement expected to be available in a few months.