scabies
SCABIES
Scabies is a contagious disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis.
The affected individual usually complains of having a highly pruritic rash that occurs at night.
It occurs more often in children <15 years of age, sexually active young adults, the immunocompromised and in persons living in crowded living conditions (eg nursing homes, military barracks).
Transmission is typically by direct skin contact with an infected person and in adults, sexual transmission is common.
  1. Angel TA, Nigro J, Levy ML. Infestations in the pediatric patient. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2000;47:921-935. PMID: 10943266
  2. Chosidow O. Scabies and pediculosis. Lancet. 2000;355:819-826. PMID: 10711939
  3. Karthikeyan K. Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives. Postgrad Med J. 2005;81:7-11. PMID: 15640423
  4. Chouela EN, Abeldano AM, Pellerano G, et al. Study: equivalent therapeutic efficacy and safety of ivermectin and lindane in the treatment of human scabies. Arch Dermatol. 1999;135:651-655. PMID: 10376691
  5. Fawcett RS. Ivermectin use in scabies. Am Fam Physician. 2003;68:1089-1092. PMID: 14524395
  6. Raimer SS. New and emerging therapies in pediatric dermatology. Dermatol Clin. 2000;18:73-78. PMID: 10626113
  7. Leonard EA, Sheldon IV. Ectoparasitic infections. Clin Fam Pract. 2005;7:97-104
  8. Morgan-Glenn PD. Scabies. Pediatr Rev. 2001;22:322-323. PMID: 11533383
  9. Scott GR. European guideline for the management of scabies. Intl J STD AIDS. 2001;12(Suppl 3):58-61. PMID: 11589798
  10. Usha V. A comparative study of oral ivermectin and topical permethrin cream in the treatment of scabies. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000;42:236-240. PMID: 10642678
  11. Arthropod bites and infestations. In: Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB, eds. Nelson textbook of Pediatrics. 16th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, Elsevier; 2000
  12. Habif TP. Scabies. Clinical dermatology. 3rd ed: Mosby-Year Book Inc; 1996
  13. MedWorm http://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Dermatology/12/ http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Dermatology-News.xml
  14. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  15. Rapini RP. Parasitic infestation: Scabies. AAD. http://www.aad.org/education/parasites.htm. Jun 2003. Accessed 14 Aug 2003
  16. Malerba A. Scabies. eMedicine. http://emedicine.com/derm/topic382.htm. May 2003. Accessed 14 Aug 2003
  17. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH). 2016 UK national guideline on the management of scabies. BASHH. https://www.bashh.org. 11 Nov 2016.
  18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Scabies: Medications. CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/. Feb 2018.
  19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Scabies: Treatment. CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/. Oct 2018.
  20. Executive Committee of Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Scabies. Guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of scabies in Japan (third edition): Executive Committee of Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Scabies. J Dermatol. 2017 Sep;44(9):991-1014. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.1389. PMID: 28561292
  21. Goldstein BG, Goldstein AO. Scabies: Epidemiology, clinical features, and diagnosis. UpToDate. https://www.uptodate.com. 02 Aug 2019.
  22. Goldstein BG, Goldstein AO. Scabies: Management. UpToDate. https://www.uptodate.com. 27 Jul 2018.
  23. Hardy M, Engelman D, Steer A. Scabies: A clinical update. Aust Am Physician. 2017;46(5):264-268. PMID: 28472570
  24. Ministry of Health Malaysia. Guideline for management of scabies in adults and children. http://www.moh.gov.my. Feb 2015.
  25. Salavastru CM, Chosidow O, Boffa MJ, et al. European guidelines for the management of scabies. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Aug;31(8):1248-1253. doi: 10.1111/jdv.14351. PMID: 28639722
  26. Walton SF, Currie BJ. Problems in diagnosing scabies, a global disease in human and animal populations. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2007 Apr;20(2):268-279. doi: 10.1128/CMR.00042-061. PMID: 17428886
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Infectious Diseases - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
01 Dec 2019
Macrolide antibiotics are derived from the Streptomycesspecies. These contain either 14-membered (erythromycin [ERM],clarithromycin [CAM], roxithromycin [RXM]), 15-membered(azithromycin [AZM]) or 16-membered (spiramycin, josamycin,midecamycin) macrocyclic lactone rings. They inhibit proteinsynthesis by reversibly binding to the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)in the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome. Traditionally,macrolides are used as first-line agents in respiratory, skin,soft tissue, and urogenital infections, and they are also activeagainst gram-positive cocci and atypical pathogens.
19 Jun 2019
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains as one of the world’s leading causes of mortality in global public health. Dr Charles Hicks shared his insights into the increasing role of dolutegravir (DTG; Tivicay, GSK) – an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) – in HIV therapy during the 4th National AIDS Conference 2018 at Swiss Garden International Hotel and Residences, Kuala Lumpur.
21 Sep 2019
Cryptococcosis is more common in nonhuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) nontransplant (NHNT) patients, and this population tends to have more localized pulmonary cryptococcosis and significantly higher 90-day mortality, reports a study.
Stephen Padilla, 07 May 2019
The risk of HIV transmission is “effectively zero” among gay couples who have condomless anal sex when the HIV viral load is suppressed, according to a new study.