Scabies is a contagious disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis.
The affected individual usually complains of having a highly pruritic rash that occurs at night.
It occurs more often in children <15 years of age, sexually active young adults, the immunocompromised and in persons living in crowded living conditions (eg nursing homes, military barracks).
Transmission is typically by direct skin contact with an infected person and in adults, sexual transmission is common.
There is a high incidence of candidaemia and a substantial burden of comorbidities among neonates as confirmed in a recent nationwide epidemiologic study of paediatric candidaemia. An increasing proportion of nonalbicans species resistant to fluconazole has also been observed.