Rhinosinusitis is the mucosal inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses caused by bacteria lasting >10 days for up to 4 weeks, symptoms resolve completely and may either be persistent or severe.
It is often preceded by a viral upper respiratory tract infection.
Signs & symptoms are nonspecific and it is typically difficult to differentiate from viral upper respiratory tract infection. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause followed by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae.
Children who undergo adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, or both (adenotonsillectomy) within the first 9 years of life may have an elevated long-term risk of respiratory, allergic, or infectious diseases, results from a Denmark-based study show.
Not only are broad-spectrum antibiotics no better than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in reducing treatment failures and improving other patient-centred outcomes, their use may come with more side effects than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), suggests a recent study.
Infants with persistent rhinitis have a higher abundance of Actinobacteria, especially Corynebacterium spp., in their nasal microbiome compared with healthy controls, according to a Singapore-based study presented at the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) Annual Congress 2016 held in Vienna, Austria.
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April 17 marks World Haemophilia Day, and this year’s theme is “Reaching Out – The First Step to Care”. Adjunct Assoc Prof Joyce Lam Ching Mei, head of the Haematology Laboratory and Blood Bank and senior consultant from the Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Service at KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Singapore, speaks to Elaine Soliven on the importance of recognizing and managing bleeding disorders in primary care.
Preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) who were breastfed have significantly higher levels of metabolites important for brain growth and development in their brain tissue compared with formula-fed infants, suggesting that breastfed infants have improved cerebral metabolism at term-equivalent age, according to a study presented at the PAS 2019 Meeting.