rhinitis%20-%20nonallergic%20(pediatric)
RHINITIS - NONALLERGIC (PEDIATRIC)
Rhinitis is the inflammation of the nasal lining membranes.
Nonallergic rhinitis is a diagnosis of rhinitis without any immunoglobulin E (IgE) mediation, as documented by allergen skin testing.
Signs & symptoms are nasal itching, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion with or without obstruction and sneezing.
  1. Bousquet J, Khaltaev N, Cruz AA, et al. Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) 2008 update (in collaboration with the World Health Organization, GA(2)LEN and AllerGen). Allergy. 2008 Apr;63(Suppl 86):008-160. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01620.x. PMID: 18331513
  2. Dykewixz MS, Fineman S. Executive summary of joint task force practice parameters on diagnosis and management of rhinitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1998 Nov;81(5 Pt 2):463-468. doi: 10.1016/S1081-1206(10)63152-3. Accessed 30 May 2002. PMID: 9860024
  3. Wallace DV, Dykewicz MS, Bernstein DI, et al. The diagnosis and management of rhinitis: an updated practice parameter. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008 Aug;122(Suppl 2):S1-S84. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2008.06.003. PMID: 18662584
  4. Dykewicz MS. Rhinitis and sinusitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Feb;111(2)(Suppl Suppl):S520-S529. http://www.jacionline.org/. PMID: 12592298
  5. Greiner AN, Meltzer EO. Pharmacologic rationale for treating allergic and nonallergic rhinitis. Sep 18, 2006. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Nov;118(5):985-996. http://www.jacionline.org/article/S0091-6749(06)01380-7/pdf. PMID: 17088121
  6. Quillen DM, Feller DB. Diagnosing rhinitis: allergic vs. nonallergic. Am Fam Physician. 2006 May;73(9):1583-1590. PMID: 16719251
  7. Vassallo K. Rhinitis in general practice. Malta Med J. 2007 Sep;19(3):41-46
  8. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  9. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Respiratory-Medicine/40/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Respiratory-Medicine.xml
  10. CKS. Allergic Rhinitis. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. http://cks.library.nhs.uk/. 2005.
  11. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. The allergy report: diseases of the atopic diathesis. http://www.aaaai.org/.
  12. New England Medical Center Evidence-based Practice Center. Management of Allergic and Nonallergic Rhinitis. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. http://archive.ahrq.gov/downloads/pub/evidence/pdf/rhinitis/rhinitis.pdf. May 2002
  13. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). Health care guideline: diagnosis and treatment of respiratory illness in children and adults. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) website. http://www.icsi.org. Jan 2013. Accessed 13 Mar 2011.
  14. Long A, McFadden C, DeVine D, Chew P, Kupelnick B, Lau J. Management of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis: summary. In: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Summary, Evidence Report/Technology Assessment: Number 54. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2002 May. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11954/.
  15. Lieberman PL. Chronic nonallergic rhinitis. UptoDate website. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/chronic-nonallergic-rhinitis. Aug 2015.
  16. Lieberman PL. Chronic allergic rhinitis. UptoDate. https://www.uptodate.com/. Aug 2017.
  17. Scadding GK, Kariyawasam HH, Scadding G, et al. BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis (revised edition 2017; first edition 2007). Clin Exp Allergy. 2017 May;47:856-889. doi: 10.1111/cea.12953. Accessed 14 Sep 2018
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