rhinitis%20-%20allergic%20(pediatric)
RHINITIS - ALLERGIC (PEDIATRIC)
Rhinitis is the inflammation of the nasal lining membranes.
Allergic rhinitis is most prevalent in childhood and adolescence.
Careful elimination of nonallergic etiologies must be done in preschool children as allergic rhinitis is unusual in <3 years of age.

Introduction

  • Most prevalent in childhood & adolescence

Definition

Rhinitis

  • Inflammation of the nasal lining membranes 

 Allergic Rhinitis

  • Ig-E mediated inflammatory disease of the nasal mucous membrane occurring after exposure to allergens & trigger factors

Signs and Symptoms

Major signs & symptoms
  • Nasal itching
  • Rhinorrhea
  • Nasal congestion, with or without obstruction
  • Sneezing
Other signs & symptoms
  • Headache
  • Conjunctival symptoms, eye pruritus
  • Pruritus of the nose, palate, ears
  • Postnasal drainage
  • Impaired smell
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