Acute rheumatic fever is an autoimmune response to a previous group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GAS) infection causing acute generalized anti-inflammatory response primarily affecting the heart.
It often presents in patients 5-14 years of age and uncommon before 3 years and after 21 years of age.
Patients presenting with acute rheumatic fever are severely unwell, in extreme pain and requires hospitalization.
In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), dual antithrombotic therapy with dabigatran and a P2Y12 inhibitor significantly reduces bleeding vs triple therapy with warfarin, a P2Y12 inhibitor and aspirin, with comparable rates of thromboembolic events, results of the RE-DUAL PCI trial have shown.
A study has recently derived and validated a new index for preoperative cardiovascular evaluation, which can significantly contribute to the efficient triage and management of patients scheduled for noncardiac surgery. The new Cardiovascular Risk Index (CVRI) demonstrates a robust discriminatory power that can effectively stratify patients into low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups.
The addition of alirocumab to intensive statin therapy appears to cut the risk of death following acute coronary syndrome, especially if treatment is sustained for at least 3 years, if baseline low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is ≥100 mg/dL or if achieved LDL-C is low, according to data from the ODYSSEY OUTCOMES.