Smoking intensity is associated with mortality from genitourinary malignancies, according to a nationally representative study. Moreover, the risk of death from bladder and kidney cancers is significantly higher among individuals who started smoking at a younger age and those who smoke at home.
An association exists between body composition phenotypes and physical function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with sarcopaenic-obese (SO) patients being the most impaired, a study has shown.
The LAMA* aclidinium bromide was similarly effective in reducing exacerbation rate without raising the risk of MACE** or all-cause mortality regardless of recent history of exacerbations in patients with moderate-to-very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a subgroup analysis of the phase IV ASCENT-COPD*** trial presented at the CHEST 2019 Annual Meeting.
Drinking soft drinks may be linked to asthma in adults and wheeze in children, according to a meta-analysis. Furthermore, prenatal maternal consumption of the drink can promote the development of inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs in the offspring.
The lung damage acquired from smoking persists years after smoking cessation, with a faster decline in lung function in former smokers compared with never-smokers, according to a recent US-based study.
Consistent with clinical trial data, the use of biologic therapies significantly reduced asthma exacerbations in addition to having steroid-sparing effects in patients with severe, refractory asthma who were dependent on oral steroids, according to a real-world study presented at the annual CHEST Meeting 2019 held in New Orleans, Louisiana, US.
While adding varenicline to weekly counselling for smoking cessation did not improve abstinence rates among adolescent smokers at the end of treatment, it may promote earlier abstinence and sustained response to varenicline post-treatment, a study finds.
Dr Ong Kian Chung, a respiratory specialist at the KC Ong Chest & Medical Clinic, Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore spoke on the evils of tobacco use and how clinicians can help in smoking cessation.
The prevalence of allergic diseases in the Asia-Pacific region is expected to rise over the next 20 years, driven by rapid economic development and urbanization. Allergic diseases have high socioeconomic impact by impairing productivity and quality of life, and the impact may be greater in Asia-Pacific than in Europe due to the presence and predominance of perennial allergens.