Portable air filtration systems appear to effectively decrease personal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in elderly adults, according to a recent US study.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 01 - 15 November 2018 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
The pneumonia-causing bacteria, Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), can be spread through nose picking and rubbing after exposure of the hands to the bacteria — in addition to the conventionally known route of inhalation of airborne droplets, a study reveals.
Among patients with culture-negative nosocomial pneumonia, de-escalation of antimethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus therapy is associated with a shorter hospital stay and lower incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), a study suggests. De-escalation does not alter 28-day mortality.
Outbreaks of human metapneumovirus (hMPV) instead of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) appear to have a greater influence on the development of hypoxic respiratory illness in asthmatic children, a recent study has found.
In infants with early-life acute respiratory infection (ARI) with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), elevated nasopharyngeal Lactobacillus levels protect against wheezing illnesses at 2 years of age, a recent study has found.
There appears to be a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) among patients with asthma and snoring, reports a study. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for 3 months does not improve asthma control but enhances daytime sleepiness, quality of life and vitality.
Age ≥60 years and ≥20 percent of normal lung volume receiving a radiation dose of ≥20 Gy (V20) are significant predictors of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for lung cancer, a Chinese study has shown.
Investigators from the University of Manchester, Manchester, UK recently demonstrated a significant interaction between volume of identified calcifications and their mean radiotherapy (RT) dose in predicting survival in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).