While adding varenicline to weekly counselling for smoking cessation did not improve abstinence rates among adolescent smokers at the end of treatment, it may promote earlier abstinence and sustained response to varenicline post-treatment, a study finds.
Nasal high flow (NHF) during exercise has failed to boost endurance time in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are recovering from acute exacerbation, as shown in a recent study.
As-needed budesonide–formoterol (ICS* + LABA**) reliever therapy was more effective than maintenance low-dose budesonide plus as-needed terbutaline (maintenance ICS + as-needed SABA***) for preventing severe exacerbations in patients with mild-to-moderate asthma, according to the PRACTICAL study presented at ERS 2019.
Antibiotic prophylaxis with azithromycin in individuals with primary antibody deficiencies (PAD) may lead to a reduced risk of respiratory exacerbations, according to a phase II trial presented at ERS 2019.
Treatment without antibiotic medication does not appear to be inferior to moxifloxacin therapy as regards treatment failure or length of stay (LOS) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring hospitalization for nonpurulent exacerbation, according to the results of a study presented at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress 2019.
A shorter regimen comprising a seven-drug cocktail which included high-dose moxifloxacin for 9 months was noninferior to the WHO*-recommended long regimen of 20 months for treating rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (TB), according to the STREAM** study, providing a feasible and lower-cost treatment option in resource-poor setting.