Bronchiolitis in infancy carries a three- to fivefold increased risk of developing respiratory illnesses, including asthma, wheeze, and lower and upper respiratory tract infections in the first 5 years of life, a study has found.
The use of magnesium supplements as an adjunct to standard asthma treatment in patients with mild-to-moderate disease confers no significant benefits apart from an improvement in forced expiratory volume in 1 second after 8 weeks of treatment, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
Oxygen supplementation with high-pressure noninvasive ventilation (NIV) during exercise improves cycle endurance time, moderates exertional dyspnoea and limits exercise-induced hypercapnia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (CHRF), according to a recent study.
The diagnostic utility of individual examination findings for pulmonary hypertension (PH) appears to be inadequate, a study has shown. Specifically, there is no combination of findings that can rule out PH, although the presence of a high jugular venous pressure, peripheral oedema and a parasternal heave suggests severe PH.
Adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for 1 year improves cognition in elderly adults with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a recent study has shown.
Getting vaccinated against influenza can improve survival of patients with heart failure (HF), with earlier and more frequent vaccination being associated with a greater protection against deaths from cardiovascular (CV) events or any cause, a large Danish nationwide cohort study shows.