Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has the potential to resolve metabolic syndrome in adult patients, according to data from the TREATOSA-MS study.
Recurrence interval is associated with the endogenous reactivation of tuberculosis (TB), according to the results of a meta-analysis. On the other hand, infection with Beijing family strains, coinfection with HIV, imprisonment, and immigration contribute to an increased risk of exogenous TB reinfection.
Bacteraemic pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia is associated with higher disease severity and frequent intensive care unit admission, as reported in a study. However, SARS-CoV-2-related pneumonia poses a greater mortality risk.
Exacerbation history, along with the presence of severe dyspnoea and maintenance treatment use, is associated with an increased risk of future exacerbation episodes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a study has found.
Childhood respiratory disease, maltreatment, maternal smoking, and low birth weight are all associated with an increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adulthood, a study has found.