Preserved ratio impaired spirometry (PRISm) is highly common among Japan’s elderly adults, exceeding the prevalence of obstructive lung disease, and could lead to reduced respiratory and physical function, a recent study has found.
The anti-immunoglobulin (Ig) E therapy omalizumab lessens the number of circulating fibrocytes, cell and number of fibrocytes, and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)+ fibrocytes after 3–7 days of culture in patients with severe allergic asthma (SAA), a study has shown.
The addition of zolpidem to the combination of atomoxetine and oxybutynin (Ato-Oxy) increases the respiratory arousal threshold to counteract potential wake-promoting properties of atomoxetine in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), resulting in improved sleep efficiency, according to a study.
Most symptomatic children who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 recovered within a week, and only a small subset of children experienced lingering symptoms in the COVID Symptom Study, one of the largest UK citizen participatory epidemiological studies thus far.
In patients with severe persistent asthma, treatment with azithromycin helps increase the bronchial lumen radius and lumen area, as shown in a study. However, it appears to have no significant effect on wall thickness.
Ultrasound appears to provide a fast, reliable, and sensitive point-of-care tool for detecting interstitial lung disease among HIV-positive patients, according to a study. However, ultrasound falls short of differentiating between different disease aetiologies.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) patients with pulmonary hypertension appear to have greater functional impairment and poorer outcomes relative to those with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, a study has found.