An association exists between body composition phenotypes and physical function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with sarcopaenic-obese (SO) patients being the most impaired, a study has shown.
Drinking soft drinks may be linked to asthma in adults and wheeze in children, according to a meta-analysis. Furthermore, prenatal maternal consumption of the drink can promote the development of inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs in the offspring.
Higher cardiorespiratory fitness may result in lower healthcare expenditures among individuals with and without diabetes, a study has shown. In addition, the association between fitness and cost savings is particularly evident among those with diabetes.
About 7 percent of diazoxide‐treated paediatric patients with hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia develop pulmonary hypertension (PH), with risk factors including congenital heart disease and fluid overload, as shown in a retrospective study.
The risk of having exacerbations in patients with asthma is high in the presence of high body mass index (BMI) and comorbid rhinitis, although attacks cause no further reduction in quality of life, according to a recent study.
There appears to be a “highly expressed” osteopontin in the lungs of patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and this level of expression is significantly associated with disease severity, according to a study, suggesting a major role for osteopontin in the vascular remodelling process of PAH.
Dr Ong Kian Chung, a respiratory specialist at the KC Ong Chest & Medical Clinic, Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore spoke on the evils of tobacco use and how clinicians can help in smoking cessation.
The prevalence of allergic diseases in the Asia-Pacific region is expected to rise over the next 20 years, driven by rapid economic development and urbanization. Allergic diseases have high socioeconomic impact by impairing productivity and quality of life, and the impact may be greater in Asia-Pacific than in Europe due to the presence and predominance of perennial allergens.