Respirology

Top Medical News
Hormone therapies up ILD events in men with prostate cancer
2 days ago
Hormone therapy drugs, such as bicalutamide, flutamide, nilutamide, goserelin, degarelix, and apalutamide, appear to increase the likelihood of developing interstitial lung disease (ILD) events in patients with prostate cancer, reports a study.
Does molnupiravir improve outcomes in vaccinated COVID-19 patients?
Roshini Claire Anthony, 3 days ago

The addition of molnupiravir to usual care does not reduce hospitalization or death in vaccinated, community-dwelling individuals at high risk of serious outcomes of COVID-19, results of the UK-based PANORAMIC trial showed. However, it may provide other benefits such as reducing time to recovery.

Is hypofractionated better than conventionally fractionated RT for stage I NSCLC?
3 days ago
Hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFRT) is not superior to conventionally fractionated radiotherapy (CFRT) in providing survival benefits to patients with stage I nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but HFRT is preferable due to its convenience and lower costs, according to a study.
Study supports safety of fourth BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine
Audrey Abella, 5 days ago
A study from Israel validated the safety of the fourth BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (ie, second booster) using data from a retrospective and a prospective cohort.
Original New Drug Application Approvals by US FDA (16-31 January 2023)
31 Jan 2023
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16-31 January 2023 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
BNT162b2 vax prevents delta, omicron infection in adolescents; benefits upped with booster dose
Roshini Claire Anthony, 30 Jan 2023

Full vaccination with the SARS-CoV-2 BNT162b2 vaccine reduced infection and hospitalization due to the delta and omicron variants of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, with an added benefit against the omicron variant in individuals who received a booster dose, according to a national study of Singaporean adolescents.

Long COVID: What factors contribute to the risk?
Stephen Padilla, 30 Jan 2023
Patients with mild COVID-19 may encounter a few health concerns for several months following SARS-CoV-2 infection, but these outcomes tend to resolve within a year from diagnosis, reveals a study.
Special Reports
The role of oral antivirals in COVID-19 treatment: Who, when, and how?
Dr. Roger Paredes, Dr. Nicola Petrosillo, Dr. Petrick Periyasamy, 30 Jan 2023

Though most countries have eased pandemic restrictions, there is no room for complacency in managing COVID-19, which continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality.

At a recent symposium, esteemed experts Dr Roger Paredes, Head of Department of Infectious Diseases at the Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Catalonia, Spain, and Dr Nicola Petrosillo, Head of the Infection Prevention and Control and Infectious Disease Service at University Hospital Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy, gave global perspectives on the continuing unmet needs in the COVID-19 outpatient landscape and discussed the role of antiviral treatment options in patients at risk of progressing to severe COVID-19. Dr Petrick Periyasamy, Head of Infectious Diseases Unit, Medical Department, UKM Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, chaired the session.

Multipathogen testing an essential part of Test-Target-Treat strategy for respiratory illnesses
Dr. Mohan Ravuru, Dr. Johnny Sinon, Assoc Prof. Nuntra Suwantarat, 16 Dec 2022

At a recent webinar, experts discussed the paradigm shift in respiratory illnesses and treatment practices as the COVID-19 pandemic transitions to an endemic phase. The late Dr Mohan Ravuru, Physician Researcher and former Asia Pacific Medical Director, Abbott, Dr Johnny Sinon, Senior Emergency Physician from Makati Medical Center, Philippines, and Associate Professor Nuntra Suwantarat, Infectious Disease Specialist, from Chulabhorn International College of Medicine, Thammasat University, Thailand, delivered informative presentations and engaged the audience through a stimulating panel discussion.

Among the topics covered were the ‘immunity debt’ phenomenon leading to potential epidemics, challenges in the differential diagnosis of COVID-19 and influenza, and the importance of point-of-care, multipathogen testing as a part of the Test-Target-Treat strategy in respiratory diseases.

Timely treatment of patients at risk for severe COVID-19 prevents severe outcomes
Dr. Asok Kurup, Dr. Alex Soriano, 31 Oct 2022

Despite widespread uptake of vaccinations, COVID-19 remains a serious health issue for high-risk patients, owing to the emergence of new variants of concern (VOCs), waning immunity, and breakthrough infections.

At a recent symposium in Singapore, esteemed experts Dr Asok Kurup, Consultant Infectious Diseases Physician at Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore, and Dr Alex Soriano, Head of Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Clínic of Barcelona and Assistant Professor, University of Barcelona, Spain, gave insights on the evolution of global trends since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic and discussed key challenges in managing high-risk patients with COVID-19 in the ICU. They also highlighted early treatment strategies to minimize the burden of COVID-19 on healthcare systems.

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16 Mar 2022
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Kids hard-hit by Delta; which ART performs best?
Elvira Manzano, 24 Oct 2021
That COVID-19 mostly spared children might be changing. The Delta variant has taken a severe, unthinkable toll on kids – at least in Arkansas, US, reports an expert at IDWeek 2021.
Rapid antigen test: Don’t let perfect be the enemy of good
Pearl Toh, 23 Oct 2021
While rapid antigen test is less sensitive than conventional nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) such as RT-PCR* in detecting SARS-CoV-2 virus, “a test does not have to be perfect to be clinically useful,” said Professor Angela Caliendo during a session in IDWeek 2021 — echoing the maxim that perfect should not be the enemy of good in the pandemic era.
ID NOW rapid molecular assay an effective COVID-19 test for kids
Roshini Claire Anthony, 20 Oct 2021

A large retrospective study from the US, presented at IDWeek 2021, has shown that the Abbott ID NOW rapid molecular COVID-19 assay is highly sensitive and specific at detecting SARS-CoV-2 infection in a paediatric population.

Conference Reports
Smoking cessation intervention during lung screening may encourage quitting
Roshini Claire Anthony, 05 Dec 2022

A smoking cessation intervention, introduced as part of lung health screening, may encourage quitting in about 30 percent of smokers, results of the UK-based YESS* trial showed.

NADIM II suggests PFS, OS benefits of nivolumab + chemo in resectable NSCLC
Roshini Claire Anthony, 02 Nov 2022

Adding nivolumab to paclitaxel-carboplatin chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting boosted progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with resectable stage IIIA–B non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to results of the phase II NADIM II trial from Spain.

Atezolizumab may improve OS in resected NSCLC with PD-L1 ≥1 percent
Roshini Claire Anthony, 16 Oct 2022

The first interim analysis of the phase III IMpower010 trial suggests an overall survival (OS) benefit with atezolizumab compared with best supportive care (BSC) in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with PD-L1* tumour cell expression 1 percent.

Bronchodilators ineffective in symptomatic, tobacco-exposed patients without COPD
Roshini Claire Anthony, 08 Oct 2022

Bronchodilators, used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), did not appear to benefit individuals with a history of smoking and respiratory symptoms who did not have airflow obstruction, results of the US-based RETHINC* study showed.

Sugemalimab for stage III NSCLC: Efficacy, safety signals sustained in final PFS analysis
Audrey Abella, 07 Oct 2022
In the final progression-free survival (PFS) analysis of the GEMSTONE-301 study, sugemalimab demonstrated sustained efficacy and safety as consolidation treatment for individuals with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease had not progressed following either concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) or sequential CRT (sCRT).
Brensocatib has no impact on COVID-19 clinical outcomes
Roshini Claire Anthony, 02 Oct 2022

Results of the STOP-COVID trial, presented at ERS 2022, showed no clinical outcome benefit with the dipeptidyl peptidase-1 (DPP-1) inhibitor brensocatib compared with placebo in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the UK.

SVS endobronchial valve improves QoL in patients with emphysema
Audrey Abella, 26 Sep 2022
In the 24-month follow-up results of the EMPROVE trial, treatment with the Spiration Valve System (SVS) endobronchial valve provided a sustained clinically significant benefit in disease-specific health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema.