Respirology

Top Medical News
Smoking cessation intervention during lung screening may encourage quitting
Roshini Claire Anthony, 23 hours ago

A smoking cessation intervention, introduced as part of lung health screening, may encourage quitting in about 30 percent of smokers, results of the UK-based YESS* trial showed.

Gut microbiome modulation reduces infections
Christina Lau, Yesterday

A gut microbiota–derived synbiotic formula developed by researchers from the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) is shown in a randomized controlled trial to reduce the risk of bacterial and viral infections, including COVID-19, reduce the risk of adverse events (AEs) after COVID-19 vaccination, restore healthy gut microbiota, and provide other health benefits.

Original New Drug Application Approvals by US FDA (16 - 30 November 2022)
Yesterday
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 30 November 2022 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
First-line serplulimab + chemo ups survival in extensive-stage SCLC
Roshini Claire Anthony, 3 days ago

The addition of serplulimab to chemotherapy in the first-line setting improved overall survival (OS) in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), according to results of the ASTRUM-005 trial.

Age, sex, syphilis risk factors for COVID-19 in PLHIV
Roshini Claire Anthony, 5 days ago

Among people living with HIV (PLHIV), young women and patients with active syphilis appeared to be at an elevated risk of contracting COVID-19, according to a cross-sectional study presented at HIV Glasgow 2022.

Lung fibrosis extent on quantified CT predicts survival in IPF
29 Nov 2022
The extent of fibrotic abnormality on baseline computed tomography (CT), quantified using data-driven texture analysis (DTA), is predictive of outcomes in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), regardless of pulmonary function, suggests a study.
Vilobelimab augments treatment armamentarium for critically ill COVID-19 patients
Audrey Abella, 29 Nov 2022
In the phase III part of the PANAMO trial, the anti-C5a monoclonal antibody vilobelimab, when added to standard of care (SoC), improved survival in COVID-19 patients who required invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV).
Special Reports
Timely treatment of patients at risk for severe COVID-19 prevents severe outcomes
Dr. Asok Kurup, Dr. Alex Soriano, 31 Oct 2022

Despite widespread uptake of vaccinations, COVID-19 remains a serious health issue for high-risk patients, owing to the emergence of new variants of concern (VOCs), waning immunity, and breakthrough infections.

At a recent symposium in Singapore, esteemed experts Dr Asok Kurup, Consultant Infectious Diseases Physician at Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore, and Dr Alex Soriano, Head of Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Clínic of Barcelona and Assistant Professor, University of Barcelona, Spain, gave insights on the evolution of global trends since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic and discussed key challenges in managing high-risk patients with COVID-19 in the ICU. They also highlighted early treatment strategies to minimize the burden of COVID-19 on healthcare systems.

Product Highlight - Bilaxten ODT
16 Mar 2022
Bilastine 10 mg orodispersible tablet
Kids hard-hit by Delta; which ART performs best?
Elvira Manzano, 24 Oct 2021
That COVID-19 mostly spared children might be changing. The Delta variant has taken a severe, unthinkable toll on kids – at least in Arkansas, US, reports an expert at IDWeek 2021.
Rapid antigen test: Don’t let perfect be the enemy of good
Pearl Toh, 23 Oct 2021
While rapid antigen test is less sensitive than conventional nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) such as RT-PCR* in detecting SARS-CoV-2 virus, “a test does not have to be perfect to be clinically useful,” said Professor Angela Caliendo during a session in IDWeek 2021 — echoing the maxim that perfect should not be the enemy of good in the pandemic era.
ID NOW rapid molecular assay an effective COVID-19 test for kids
Roshini Claire Anthony, 20 Oct 2021

A large retrospective study from the US, presented at IDWeek 2021, has shown that the Abbott ID NOW rapid molecular COVID-19 assay is highly sensitive and specific at detecting SARS-CoV-2 infection in a paediatric population.

Antigen rapid tests: The new COVID-19 strategy moving forward?
Roshini Claire Anthony, 31 Jul 2021

Same-day pre-event screening for SARS-CoV-2 using antigen-detecting rapid diagnostic tests (Ag-RDT) may enable the resumption of large-scale indoor events which were halted or had their attendance capacity reduced during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study from Spain presented at ECCMID 2021.

Combined Ag/Ab rapid testing boosts case-finding in COVID-19
Elvira Manzano, 29 Jul 2021
A rapid and affordable test for diagnosing COVID-19 outside the walls of the healthcare units could improve case-finding, contact tracing, and infection control, says an expert during a pre-ECCMID 2021 session.
Conference Reports
Smoking cessation intervention during lung screening may encourage quitting
Roshini Claire Anthony, 05 Dec 2022

A smoking cessation intervention, introduced as part of lung health screening, may encourage quitting in about 30 percent of smokers, results of the UK-based YESS* trial showed.

NADIM II suggests PFS, OS benefits of nivolumab + chemo in resectable NSCLC
Roshini Claire Anthony, 02 Nov 2022

Adding nivolumab to paclitaxel-carboplatin chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting boosted progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with resectable stage IIIA–B non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to results of the phase II NADIM II trial from Spain.

Atezolizumab may improve OS in resected NSCLC with PD-L1 ≥1 percent
Roshini Claire Anthony, 16 Oct 2022

The first interim analysis of the phase III IMpower010 trial suggests an overall survival (OS) benefit with atezolizumab compared with best supportive care (BSC) in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with PD-L1* tumour cell expression 1 percent.

Bronchodilators ineffective in symptomatic, tobacco-exposed patients without COPD
Roshini Claire Anthony, 08 Oct 2022

Bronchodilators, used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), did not appear to benefit individuals with a history of smoking and respiratory symptoms who did not have airflow obstruction, results of the US-based RETHINC* study showed.

Sugemalimab for stage III NSCLC: Efficacy, safety signals sustained in final PFS analysis
Audrey Abella, 07 Oct 2022
In the final progression-free survival (PFS) analysis of the GEMSTONE-301 study, sugemalimab demonstrated sustained efficacy and safety as consolidation treatment for individuals with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease had not progressed following either concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) or sequential CRT (sCRT).
Brensocatib has no impact on COVID-19 clinical outcomes
Roshini Claire Anthony, 02 Oct 2022

Results of the STOP-COVID trial, presented at ERS 2022, showed no clinical outcome benefit with the dipeptidyl peptidase-1 (DPP-1) inhibitor brensocatib compared with placebo in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the UK.

SVS endobronchial valve improves QoL in patients with emphysema
Audrey Abella, 26 Sep 2022
In the 24-month follow-up results of the EMPROVE trial, treatment with the Spiration Valve System (SVS) endobronchial valve provided a sustained clinically significant benefit in disease-specific health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema.