Patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who received the first-line combination of avelumab and axitinib had longer progression-free survival (PFS) compared with those who received sunitinib, particularly those with PD-L1–positive tumours, according to findings of the phase III JAVELIN Renal 101* trial.
A combination therapy of nivolumab plus ipilimumab (NIVO + IPI) continues to confer survival benefit and durable response over 30 months of follow-up compared with sunitinib in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC), according to updated results of CheckMate 214 presented at ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (GUCS) 2019.
Use of axitinib in the neoadjuvant setting appears to result in weight loss, with notable reductions in skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma, a recent study has shown.
Nivolumab plus ipilimumab significantly improves overall survival (OS) vs sunitinib in patients with intermediate- or poor-risk advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC), according to results of the first-line CheckMate 214 study presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress held in Madrid, Spain.
Some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) who have slow-growing disease can safely undergo active surveillance for months to years before starting systemic therapy, a small phase II study has shown.
In addition to an intensive weight loss programme, the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) could improve absolute weight loss in individuals with obesity and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), according to a study presented at ENDO 2019.
Extremely premature neonates who have been exposed to pre-eclampsia in utero are at high risk of developing severe respiratory distress syndrome and severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, according to a study.
A contraceptive vaginal system (Annovera) releasing a combination of segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol (SA/EE) effectively inhibits ovulation up to a year even at low systemic levels of SA, reports a review study presented at ENDO 2019.