pulmonary%20thromboembolism
PULMONARY THROMBOEMBOLISM
Pulmonary embolism is the blockage of the blood vessels in the lungs usually due to blood clots from the veins, especially the veins in the legs and pelvis.
Dyspnea, chest pain, syncope or tachypnea (respiratory rate of ≥20/min) occur in most cases of pulmonary embolism.
Pleuritic chest pain with or without dyspnea is one of the most frequent presentations of this disease.
Syncope or shock are the hallmark signs of central pulmonary embolism and usually result in severe hemodynamic repercussions.
Signs of hemodynamic compromise and reduced heart flow are also usually present.

Differential Diagnosis

  • Cardiogenic shock, cardiac tamponade, acute valvular dysfunction, aortic dissection, pneumonia, massive myocardial infarction (MI)
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Respirology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Elaine Soliven, 20 Apr 2018
The use of high-flow oxygen therapy may reduce the need for escalation of care in infants with bronchiolitis compared with standard oxygen therapy, according to a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 24 Nov 2016
New treatments such as pirfenidone and nintedanib slow lung function decline and progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), although response to treatment can vary dramatically among patients, according to a presentation at the 21st Congress of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology (APSR 2016) held in Bangkok, Thailand.
16 Oct 2016
Irritable bowel syndrome and asthma share a bidirectional association, a new study reports. Further, atopy potentially plays a role in the underlying mechanisms of this association.
Audrey Abella, 09 May 2018
The potent and highly selective RET* inhibitor BLU-667 was well-tolerated and exhibited promising clinical activity among patients with advanced, RET-altered solid cancers that progressed despite multikinase inhibitor therapy, according to data presented at AACR 2018.