Maternal bacterial infections during pregnancy appears to increase the risk for psychotic disorders in offspring, a recent study has shown. This association varies by infection severity and offspring sex.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) contributes to an increased risk of developing ischaemic stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) in young and middle-aged individuals, independent of established risk factors, coexisting psychiatric disorders and healthcare utilization, a study has found.
Consuming high amounts of fish and/or n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is beneficial to women, as it reduces the risk of postpartum depression at 6 months following delivery, according to a recent study.
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) may have intergenerational consequences, a new study suggests. Children born to mothers with chronic pain and with histories of ACEs are more likely to have depressive symptoms.
Patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) are at increased risk of mental disorders, suggests a recent study. High disease activity, combined with a certain sociodemographic profile, is a good indicator of such risk.
Individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are likely to exhibit suicidal behaviour, and this probability is further increased in the presence of comorbid psychiatric disorders, a recent study suggests.
Anaemia diagnosed earlier in pregnancy is associated with increased risk of development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and particularly intellectual disability (ID) in the offspring, according to results of a recent study.
Routine prescription of a hypnotic medication does not appear to substantially reduce suicidal ideation in depressed outpatients with insomnia, but coprescription of such drug during antidepressant initiation may help suicidal outpatients, particularly those with severe insomnia, suggest the results of a study.
Specific functional network-based moderators of treatment outcome have been identified, and these involve brain networks affected by major depression, reports a study. In addition, a favourable response for an antidepressant medication appears to be influenced by functional connectivity patterns of brain regions between and within networks.
Exposure to corticosteroids in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) appears to contribute to increased risks of cataract, diabetes and bone fractures, a study has found. Notably, the fracture risk is elevated at low doses, while the risk of adverse events overall is dose-dependent and is reversible.
In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and stable coronary artery disease (CAD), rivaroxaban monotherapy is noninferior to combination treatment with an antiplatelet therapy in terms of cutting the risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, according to data from the AFIRE trial.
Supplementation with oral nano vitamin D appears to moderate disease activity and severity grade of patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC), suggests a study, adding that this association is more evident in those achieving a target vitamin D level of 40 ng/mL.