Psoriasis is a systemic chronic skin disorder characterized by excessive keratinocytes proliferation that results into thickened scaly plaques, itching and inflammatory changes in the epidermis and dermis. It is transmitted genetically but can be provoked by environmental factors.
It is found in approximately 2% of the population that primarily affects the skin and joints.
It is associated with other inflammatory disorders and autoimmune diseases (eg psoriatic arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, coronary artery disease).
Generally, it begins as red scaling papules that coalesce to form round-to-oval plaques. The rashes are often pruritic and may be painful.
The first-in-class interleukin (IL)-17A monoclonal antibody secukinumab is a safe and effective treatment for moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, with efficacy rates similar to those found in its phase III studies and enduring up to a year from start of treatment.
The risk of serious infection* among patients receiving systemic therapy for psoriasis differs by treatment, with apremilast, etanercept, and ustekinumab associated with a reduced risk of serious infection than methotrexate, according to an observational study.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 30 April 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It
does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have
occurred since the original approval date.
Psoriasis appears to be a risk factor for mortality from all causes in a dose-response manner with disease severity and from several specific causes, suggest the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
The fully human monoclonal antibody secukinumab triumphed over ustekinumab once again in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, according to the phase IIIb CLARITY* trial presented at the recent annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD 2019).
The risk of psoriasis is higher among current smokers, particularly those who smoke >25 cigarettes per day and for >20 pack-years, according to a Taiwanese population-based cohort study. On the other hand, alcohol consumption shows no significant association with psoriasis development.
Individuals with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis may reap better long-term improvements in the severity of their condition when treated with guselkumab over secukinumab, according to findings of the phase III ECLIPSE* trial presented at the recent Inflammatory Skin Disease Summit (ISDS 2018) held in Vienna, Austria.
The CA125* test could be useful at detecting ovarian cancer and various other cancers in the primary care setting, particularly for women aged >50 years, according to a study presented at the recent NCRI** Cancer Conference held in Glasgow, Scotland, UK.