Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate that may be caused by infection, chronic pelvic pain syndrome or asymptomatic prostate inflammation.
Prominent features are genitourinary, pelvic or rectal pain and lower urinary tract symptoms, eg urinary frequency, urgency, hesitancy, weak stream and straining on urination, dysuria, pain that increased with urination.
A spectrum of disorders that affect men whose symptoms are referable to the lower urogenital tract & perineum
Etiologic agents are the same for both acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP) & chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) & include E coli (most commonly isolated pathogen), Enterococcus sp, Klebsiella sp, Proteus sp, P aeruginosa, C trachomatis, U urealyticum, T vaginalis
Immune-deficient or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients may have pathogens such as S typhi, M avium, M tuberculosis, Candida sp, C immitis, B dermatitidis, H capsulatum
Signs and Symptoms
Prominent features are genitourinary, pelvic or rectal pain & lower urinary tract symptoms, eg urinary frequency, urgency, hesitancy, weak stream & straining on urination, dysuria, pain that increased w/ urination
A picosecond alexandrite laser (PSAL) appears to be superior to Q-switched alexandrite laser (QSAL) for the treatment of nevus of Ota, as shown by its better clinical results and fewer adverse events, according to a study.
The efficacy and cardiovascular (CV) safety of the SGLT2* inhibitor empagliflozin vs DPP-4** inhibitors and GLP-1*** receptor agonists in real-world patients were demonstrated in two interim analyses of the EMPRISE+ study presented at ADA 2020.
Higher levels of plasma vitamin C, total and individual carotenoid biomarkers, and their composite biomarker score appear to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to the results of a prospective case-cohort study in eight European countries.