prostatitis
PROSTATITIS

Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate that may be caused by infection, chronic pelvic pain syndrome or asymptomatic prostate inflammation.

Prominent features are genitourinary, pelvic or rectal pain and lower urinary tract symptoms, eg urinary frequency, urgency, hesitancy, weak stream and straining on urination, dysuria, pain that increased with urination.

Introduction

  • A spectrum of disorders that affect men whose symptoms are referable to the lower urogenital tract & perineum

Etiology

  • Etiologic agents are the same for both acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP) & chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) & include E coli (most commonly isolated pathogen), Enterococcus sp, Klebsiella sp, Proteus sp, P aeruginosa, C trachomatis, U urealyticum, T vaginalis
    • Immune-deficient or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients may have pathogens such as S typhi, M avium, M tuberculosis, Candida sp, C immitis, B dermatitidis, H capsulatum

Signs and Symptoms

  • Prominent features are genitourinary, pelvic or rectal pain & lower urinary tract symptoms, eg urinary frequency, urgency, hesitancy, weak stream & straining on urination, dysuria, pain that increased w/ urination
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