Prostate cancer is the cancer that occurs in the male's prostate.
It is the most common cancer in men >50 years of age.
Signs and symptoms include weak urinary stream, polyuria, nocturia, hematuria, erectile dysfunction, pelvic pain, back pain, chest pain, lower extremity weakness or numbness and loss of bowel or bladder control.
Adding apalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly extends radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (mCSPC) compared with ADT alone, the TITAN* study shows.
Men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) who receive testosterone suppression therapy may have a better survival outcome with the addition of enzalutamide over other non-steroidal anti-androgen (NSAA) therapies, according to the phase III ENZAMET* trial.
Patients with a positive post-treatment biopsy after external beam radiotherapy are at higher risk of distant metastasis and prostate cancer-related death, suggests a recent study. Positive post-treatment biopsies are more frequent in the setting of external beam radiotherapy alone without androgen deprivation therapy or in the presence of high-risk disease.
Men with advanced prostate cancer who have pre-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD) may have an elevated mortality risk after treatment with abiraterone acetate compared with men who do not have CVD, according to a study presented at AACR 2019.
Decision making in men with newly diagnosed favourable-risk prostate cancer is driven by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and post-MRI biopsy, according to a study, noting that post-MRI biopsy is a stronger driver of decision making than MRI alone.
Men with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC) more than halved their risk of dying or developing distant metastasis when treated with darolutamide in addition to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), according to findings of the phase III ARAMIS* trial.
Detection of overall and index prostate cancer is comparable in three Tesla multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without an endorectal coil, a study has found. However, the endorectal coil subcohort has markedly higher detection of posterior and peripheral prostate cancer, as well as detection of anterior and transition zone prostate cancer.
Radical prostatectomy can provide long-term survival benefits and reduce the risk of distant metastasis in otherwise healthy men with clinically detected, localized prostate cancer, according to findings from 23 years of follow-up of the SPCG-4 study (Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group Study Number 4).
Treatment with nebivolol yields more favourable changes in 24-hour, intradialytic and daytime systolic and diastolic blood pressure variability in patients with intradialytic hypertension, a study has found.
Early administration of recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) can lower the incidence of reperfusion injury for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment, according to a China study.
Intraoperative methylprednisolone does not appear to significantly prevent the incidence of death, cardiac arrest and other injuries in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, according to a recent study.