Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the accumulation of underdeveloped follicles in the ovaries due to anovulation. It is is characterized by menstrual abnormalities and clinical or biochemical features of hyperandrogenism.
It results mainly from abnormal steroidogenesis that may be caused by insulin resistance leading to hyperinsulinemia.
There is increased sensitivity to androgens and the majority of women have elevated androgen levels.
Empagliflozin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus exerts beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, including blood pressure and uric acid, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Metformin continues to protect high-risk individuals from developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) over 15 years, especially among those with higher glycaemic status at baseline and women reporting a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to long-term results from DPP/DPPOS*.
Due to the increasing global prevalence of obesity, older adults may live more years of their remaining life with limited physical function and activities in daily living (ADLs), according to a study, adding that older adults, their families and healthcare systems should be aware of this problem.
One anastomosis gastric bypass is as effective as the standard Roux-en-Y procedure in terms of weight loss and metabolic improvements 24 months after the surgery, according to the results of the open-label YOMEGA trial.