Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the accumulation of underdeveloped follicles in the ovaries due to anovulation. It is is characterized by menstrual abnormalities and clinical or biochemical features of hyperandrogenism.
It results mainly from abnormal steroidogenesis that may be caused by insulin resistance leading to hyperinsulinemia.
There is increased sensitivity to androgens and the majority of women have elevated androgen levels.
Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who are prescribed an SGLT2* inhibitor may have a reduced risk for developing gout compared with those who are prescribed a GLP-1** receptor agonist, according to a study from the US.
Bariatric surgery is beneficial to nondiabetic Asian patients with obesity, delivering sustained weight loss in addition to normalizing sugar levels and insulin resistance within 1–3 years of the procedure, as reported in a Singapore study.
Sleep disorder in nonstandard shift workers appears to contribute to more severe hypogonadal symptoms and lower testosterone levels when compared with daytime workers and nonstandard shift workers without sleep disorder, according to a study.
Markedly different blood glucose responses and postexercise profiles are associated with fasting morning resistance exercise (RE) compared with afternoon RE in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D), a recent study has shown.