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PNEUMONIA - COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED
Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is an acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma accompanied by symptoms of acute illness and abnormal chest findings.
It is a lower respiratory tract infection acquired in the community within 24 hours to <2 weeks or occurring ≤48 hours of hospital admission in patients who do not meet the criteria for healthcare-associated pneumonia.
It occurs at the highest rates in the very young and the very old.
Potentially life-threatening especially in older adults and those with comorbid disease.

Patient Education

  • Teach patient to monitor temperature and sputum production, recognize worsening signs and symptoms and the onset of complications
  • Remind patient to rest and drink plenty of fluids
  • Help patient understand and comply with medication regimen & diet
  • Instruct patient about the use and cleaning of home respiratory equipment (eg mini-nebulizer)
  • Encourage patient to be in a smoke-free environment or to quit smoking
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On 8 August, the first town hall held by the Ministry of Health (MOH) with members of the pharmacy profession took place in Putrajaya. Over 500 pharmacists from across the country and from different areas of practice—community and hospital, public and private, academy and industry—converged to fill the auditorium for the chance to engage in direct dialogue with MOH.

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