pneumonia%20-%20community-acquired
PNEUMONIA - COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED
Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is an acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma accompanied by symptoms of acute illness and abnormal chest findings.
It is a lower respiratory tract infection acquired in the community within 24 hours to <2 weeks or occurring ≤48 hours of hospital admission in patients who do not meet the criteria for healthcare-associated pneumonia.
It occurs at the highest rates in the very young and the very old.
Potentially life-threatening especially in older adults and those with comorbid disease.

Patient Education

  • Teach patient to monitor temperature and sputum production, recognize worsening signs and symptoms and the onset of complications
  • Remind patient to rest and drink plenty of fluids
  • Help patient understand and comply with medication regimen & diet
  • Instruct patient about the use and cleaning of home respiratory equipment (eg mini-nebulizer)
  • Encourage patient to be in a smoke-free environment or to quit smoking
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Respirology - Malaysia digital copy today!
DOWNLOAD
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 19 Jun 2016
Infants with persistent rhinitis have a higher abundance of Actinobacteria, especially Corynebacterium spp., in their nasal microbiome compared with healthy controls, according to a Singapore-based study presented at the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) Annual Congress 2016 held in Vienna, Austria.
Gabriel Angelo Sembrano, 16 Sep 2014

“At present, there is a limited development of new antibiotics. There is also a fast development of resistance to antibiotics. There are pathogens no longer susceptible to all antibiotics, and many pathogens are no longer susceptible to most antibiotics,” said Dr. Andre Villanueva, chief of party of the USAID’s Innovations and Multisectoral Partnerships to Achieve Control of TB (IMPACT) Project at the recent Annual Convention of the Philippine Pharmacists’ Association in Davao City.

Audrey Abella, 06 Jan 2017
Persistent wheeze or childhood asthma may be reduced by fish oil supplementation, particularly n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), during pregnancy, a recent Danish study found.
Pearl Toh, 31 May 2016
Synbiotic mixture of oligosaccharides and Bifidobacterium breve (B. breve) M-16V probiotic strain in infant formula restores gut colonisation by B. breve and supports healthy gut development in infants delivered by Caesarean-section (C-section), according to a study presented at the recent European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) annual meeting held in Athens, Greece.