pityriasis%20(tinea)%20versicolor%20(pediatric)
PITYRIASIS (TINEA) VERSICOLOR (PEDIATRIC)
Pityriasis (tinea) versicolor is a benign, superficial, common fungal infection localized to the stratum corneum.
It occurs most commonly in postpubertal individuals when the sebaceous glands are the most active.
Facial involvement is common in adolescents, but lesions are also found on the upper trunk, neck, arms, dorsum of the hand and pubis.
Patient presents with erythematous, hypo- or hyperpigmented macules or patches that may have a slight scale.
It is caused by the lipophilic yeast Malassezia furfur.

Definition

  • Common, benign, superficial fungal infection localized to the stratum corneum
    • Occurs most commonly in postpubertal individuals when the sebaceous glands are the most active

Etiology

  • Caused by lipophilic yeast Malassezia spp & M. furfur is the most common

Signs and Symptoms

  • Facial involvement is common in adolescents, but lesions are also found on the upper trunk, neck, arms, dorsum of the hand & pubis
    • Although sometimes it is generalized
  • Patient presents w/ erythematous, hypo- or hyperpigmented macules or patches that may have a slight scale
    • Pruritus may or may not be present
  • Lesions do not tan along w/ surrounding normal skin

Risk Factors

Factors that Promote Tinea Versicolor Infection:

  • High temperature & high humidity
    • Prominent in tropical & subtropical regions
  • Occlusive clothing
  • Oily skin
  • Application of oils to skin
  • Excessive sweating
  • Immunocompromise conditions, malnutrition & hereditary predisposition
  • High levels of plasma cortisol
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
13 Jul 2019
The consumption of red and processed meats does not seem to affect the likelihood of symptom relapse among Crohn’s disease (CD) patients in relapse, reports a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 6 days ago
In addition to the known evils of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the son’s semen quality, prenatal exposure to paternal smoking can also be harmful, according to data from the large Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) presented at the ESHRE 2019 Meeting.
6 days ago
Fluticasone, swallowed from a multidose inhaler, and oral viscous budesonide slurry have comparable efficacies as initial treatment for eosinophilic oesophagitis, a recent study has found.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), admission Killip classification and creatinine and troponin levels are important cardiac mortality predictors, according to a recent Singapore study.