First-line immunotherapy in cisplatin-ineligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) produces superior long-term survival relative to carboplatin-based chemotherapy, a recent study has shown. Short-term survival, however, is worse.
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.
Current single-disease clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) poorly address the patient-centred care approach for older adults with multimorbidity and, when applied cumulatively, create a treatment burden that is time-consuming, costly and disruptive, according to a Singapore study.
The potent P2Y12 inhibitor prasugrel significantly reduced the incidence of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with or without ST-segment elevation (STE) compared with ticagrelor, according to the results of the ISAR-REACT* 5 trial presented at ESC Congress 2019. Moreover, the improved anti-ischaemic efficacy of prasugrel was not accompanied by an increased bleeding risk.
New drug application approved by US FDA as of 01 - 15 September 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
A single testing of cardiac troponin I using a high-sensitivity assay can effectively rule out myocardial infarction (MI) without compromising safety, according to the HiSTORIC* study presented at the ESC 2019 Congress.
A newly developed clinical risk score can identify patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) at greatest risk for hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) who would derive the most benefit from treatment with dapagliflozin, according to a study presented at ESC 2019.
Zolpidem use reduces Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores, suggesting its efficacy for insomnia in patients with solid tumours, a study has shown. Though not as effective as zolpidem, sleep hygiene counseling slightly improves overall sleep.
Sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors exert a putative epigenetic regulation of the protecting cardiovascular effect, reports a study, adding that dapagliflozin may protect the kidneys by preserving renal vasodilating capacity.
Use of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2), as compared with dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), inhibitors appears to reduce the risk of heart failure and any-cause death without major cardiovascular events in the primary intention-to-treat analysis, according to a study.
More intensive LDL-lowering by adding ezetimibe to simvastatin in elderly individuals aged ≥75 years significantly reduced recurrent cardiovascular (CV) events without raising safety issues compared with simvastatin alone, a secondary analysis of the IMPROVE-IT* has shown.