In patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), certain disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) may be more associated with serious infections than others, according to an observational study from Sweden.
As-needed budesonide–formoterol (ICS* + LABA**) reliever therapy was more effective than maintenance low-dose budesonide plus as-needed terbutaline (maintenance ICS + as-needed SABA***) for preventing severe exacerbations in patients with mild asthma, according to the PRACTICAL study presented at ERS 2019.
The antithrombotic potency of ticagrelor alone on ex vivo whole blood thrombogenicity does not differ from that of ticagrelor plus aspirin in high-risk patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to the thrombogenicity substudy of the TWILIGHT* trial.
Use of direct acting antivirals (DAAs) to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is feasible during pregnancy, as these drugs are highly effective and treatment duration is relatively short, according to a study. In addition, DAA treatment helps improve maternal health and prevent vertical transmission.
Antibiotic prophylaxis with azithromycin in individuals with primary antibody deficiencies (PAD) may lead to a reduced risk of respiratory exacerbations, according to a phase II trial presented at ERS 2019.
Treatment without antibiotic medication does not appear to be inferior to moxifloxacin therapy as regards treatment failure or length of stay (LOS) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring hospitalization for nonpurulent exacerbation, according to the results of a study presented at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress 2019.
The PD-1* inhibitor nivolumab showed significant survival benefit and a favourable safety profile than taxane chemotherapy in patients with unresectable advanced or recurrent oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) refractory or intolerant to previous fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy, according to the findings of ATTRACTION-3** presented at ESMO 2019.
Entecavir and lamivudine demonstrate comparable effects on the mortality rate of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute exacerbation with or without acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), reports a study. In patients with ACLF, however, entecavir delivers a more favourable long-term outcome and is associated with greater clinical improvements.
The combination of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir is safe and effective for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing haemodialysis, a study has shown.
With recent recalls of losartan-containing products contaminated by potentially carcinogenic nitrosamines, MIMS speaks to the Malaysian National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency (NPRA) for more details.