The anticonvulsant drugs levetiracetam, fosphenytoin and valproate all demonstrate efficacy for benzodiazepine-refractory convulsive status epilepticus, with each drug inducing seizure cessation and improving alertness in most patients and yielding similar safety outcomes, according to data from the Established Status Epilepticus Treatment Trial (ESETT).
The concurrent use of metformin with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) gefitinib does more harm than good, resulting in significantly worse outcomes and increasing the risk of diarrhoea in nondiabetic patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harbouring EFGR mutation, according to data from a phase II trial.
Almost three-quarters of adverse events (AEs) related to medication errors in over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medications (CCMs) for paediatrics required evaluation by healthcare facility and majority of the cases were due to dosing errors, a surveillance study has found, highlighting the need for interventions to mitigate medication errors.
In the treatment of paediatric patients with postdural puncture headache refractory to conservative therapies, the use of cosyntropin results in rapid pain relief, according to data from a retrospective analysis.
Treatment with antiepileptic drugs does not increase the risk of skin cancer, but an association has been observed between use of carbamazepine and lamotrigine and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a recent study has shown.
Use of ustekinumab in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus leads to significant improvements in many of the efficacy indices evaluated, with lower risk of flares and sustained response rates, when compared with placebo, according to 1-year data from a phase II trial.
Elderly patients with cognitive impairment may have trouble understanding and complying with medical instructions provided during hospitalization, suggests a study. Pharmacy students, however, can perform Mini-Cog assessments to examine cognitive function, which allow them to tailor education content and involve caregivers when needed.