Providing free blood glucometers and related supplies for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) effectively improves self-care among patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a Singapore study.
Combining gefitinib with pemetrexed and carboplatin confers significant survival benefits in patients with nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that harbour an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, extending progressive-free and overall survival although at the expense of increased toxicity, according to the results of an open-label phase III trial.
Use of direct-acting antivirals to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with documented response to therapy appears to yield a significant reduction in mortality, as shown in a recent study.
Administering intranasal desmopressin to patients with renal dysfunction not requiring haemodialysis reduces bleeding complications during renal biopsies, especially minor complications such as perinephric haematomas, a study has found. However, it may increase the risk of incident hyponatraemia.
Younger, female patients prescribed warfarin are more likely to present with in-clinic anaemia, and these patients are at risk for out-of-range international normalized ratio (INR), suggests a recent study.
In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) inadequately controlled on metformin, semaglutide may have a greater impact than canagliflozin in reducing HbA1c levels and bodyweight, according to the phase IIIb SUSTAIN 8* trial presented at EASD 2019.
Daily use of the selective oral Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor evobrutinib in the treatment of patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis helps reduce the number of gadolinium-enhancing lesions, according to the results of a phase II trial.
Entecavir and lamivudine demonstrate comparable effects on the mortality rate of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute exacerbation with or without acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), reports a study. In patients with ACLF, however, entecavir delivers a more favourable long-term outcome and is associated with greater clinical improvements.
The combination of emtricitabine and dolutegravir with either a tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based regimen fared similarly to a TDF-emtricitabine-efavirenz regimen in reducing HIV-1 RNA levels, according to results of the phase III ADVANCE* study presented at IAS 2019.