Quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination can substantially reduce the risk of invasive cervical cancer, by up to almost 90 percent in women who were vaccinated early, a large Swedish registry-based study has shown.
In the vulnerable old individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), metformin is neuroprotective, with a recent study reporting that the drug reduces the speed of cognitive decline and staves off the risk of developing dementia.
There appears to be inconclusive evidence on the potential of the novel class of glucose-lowering drugs, namely sodium glucose-linked cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, in stroke therapy, according to the results of a systematic review. This is because few animal studies are available, and some of the clinical studies evaluate combinations of drug treatments of SGLT2 and other drugs related to diabetes treatment.
Olaparib, a PARP* inhibitor used to treat ovarian and breast cancer, also extends overall survival (OS) of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) harbouring at least one mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, or ATM, according to final report of the PROfound** study presented at ESMO 2020.
The highly specific MET inhibitor capmatinib may be a new therapeutic option for patients with MET exon 14-mutated or MET-amplified non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the phase II GEOMETRY mono-1 study has shown.
Treatment with tipifarnib appears to be safe with favourable efficacy in patients with treatment-refractory urothelial carcinoma harbouring HRAS mutations, according to the results of a phase II trial.
Patients with chronic pain and those with reported misuse of opioid medications exhibit reduced hedonic capacity compared with healthy individuals, suggesting that both chronic pain and opioid misuse have a hand in anhedonia, according to a study.
Interim results of REGENERATE* trial highlight the ability of experimental noninvasive tests to evaluate treatment response in adults with NASH** and advanced liver fibrosis who are receiving obeticholic acid (OCA).
The combination of pitavastatin and fenofibrate appears to have superior effect on non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non–HDL-C), as well as other lipids, compared with a statin alone in high-risk patients with mixed dyslipidemia, according to a study.