Final analysis of results from the PALOMA-3 study showed improvement in overall survival (OS) with addition of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor palbociclib to fulvestrant in hormone receptor−positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer that has relapsed or progressed on hormonal therapy.
Hybrid closed-loop insulin therapy in patients with suboptimally controlled type 1 diabetes (T1D) helps to keep their sugar levels within range, a 12-week multicentre, multinational trial has shown, supporting the utility of closed-loop technology in clinical practice.
The GLP-1* receptor agonist lixisenatide may slow the progression of micro- and macroalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and acute coronary syndrome, based on an exploratory analysis of the ELIXA** trial presented at EASD 2018.
Treatment with twincretin, a dual glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonist combined into a single drug (LY3298176), not only reduced blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) – it came with an added benefit of weight loss, with no increase in hypoglycaemia in a phase IIb trial.
An adjuvant trastuzumab treatment course shortened to 9 weeks has failed to demonstrate noninferiority to the standard 1-year course in terms of disease-free survival in breast cancer patients, although the shortened course confers benefits for the risk of severe cardiac toxicity, according to the results of the phase III randomized Short-HER study.
Treatment with the DPP-4* inhibitor linagliptin in addition to the standard of care has no impact on heart failure, cardiovascular (CV), or renal events compared with standard of care alone in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who had a very high risk of CV events and/or kidney disease progression, according to the CARMELINA** postmarketing outcomes study, thus providing reassurance on the CV safety of at least one member of the drug class.
Treatment with canakinumab yields a rapid, substantial improvement in disease activity in children with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), according to long-term extension data from two phase III pivotal trials. Furthermore, response is sustained for up to 5 years, allowing dose reduction or even discontinuation of glucocorticoids without raising new safety concerns.
Individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who are treated with atomoxetine or methylphenidate may have a risk for elevated heart rate and systolic blood pressure (BP), according to a meta-analysis.
In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), temporary cessation of methotrexate (MTX) treatment for 2 weeks following influenza vaccination appears to improve the immunogenicity of the vaccine without increasing RA disease activity, according to a study.
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with diabetes mellitus, as well as high-risk nondiabetic patients, appear to obtain significant cardioprotection from the addition of ezetimibe to simvastatin, and this benefit is achieved without compromising safety, according to an exploratory analysis of data from IMPROVE-IT (Improved Reduction of Outcomes: Vytorin Efficacy International Trial).
Overweight or obese patients taking lorcaserin as an appetite suppressant may have the added benefit of a reduced risk of incident diabetes, according to results of the CAMELLIA-TIMI 61* trial presented at EASD 2018.