Combining gefitinib with pemetrexed and carboplatin confers significant survival benefits in patients with nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that harbour an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, extending progressive-free and overall survival although at the expense of increased toxicity, according to the results of an open-label phase III trial.
In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) inadequately controlled on metformin, semaglutide may have a greater impact than canagliflozin in reducing HbA1c levels and bodyweight, according to the phase IIIb SUSTAIN 8* trial presented at EASD 2019.
In patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), certain disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) may be more associated with serious infections than others, according to an observational study from Sweden.
As-needed budesonide–formoterol (ICS* + LABA**) reliever therapy was more effective than maintenance low-dose budesonide plus as-needed terbutaline (maintenance ICS + as-needed SABA***) for preventing severe exacerbations in patients with mild asthma, according to the PRACTICAL study presented at ERS 2019.
The antithrombotic potency of ticagrelor alone on ex vivo whole blood thrombogenicity does not differ from that of ticagrelor plus aspirin in high-risk patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to the thrombogenicity substudy of the TWILIGHT* trial.
Antibiotic prophylaxis with azithromycin in individuals with primary antibody deficiencies (PAD) may lead to a reduced risk of respiratory exacerbations, according to a phase II trial presented at ERS 2019.
Treatment without antibiotic medication does not appear to be inferior to moxifloxacin therapy as regards treatment failure or length of stay (LOS) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring hospitalization for nonpurulent exacerbation, according to the results of a study presented at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress 2019.
The PD-1* inhibitor nivolumab showed significant survival benefit and a favourable safety profile than taxane chemotherapy in patients with unresectable advanced or recurrent oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) refractory or intolerant to previous fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy, according to the findings of ATTRACTION-3** presented at ESMO 2019.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 01 - 15 October 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Daily use of the selective oral Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor evobrutinib in the treatment of patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis helps reduce the number of gadolinium-enhancing lesions, according to the results of a phase II trial.
Entecavir and lamivudine demonstrate comparable effects on the mortality rate of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute exacerbation with or without acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), reports a study. In patients with ACLF, however, entecavir delivers a more favourable long-term outcome and is associated with greater clinical improvements.
The combination of emtricitabine and dolutegravir with either a tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based regimen fared similarly to a TDF-emtricitabine-efavirenz regimen in reducing HIV-1 RNA levels, according to results of the phase III ADVANCE* study presented at IAS 2019.