Stenting cholesterol-blocked arteries in the brain appears to reduce recurrent stroke risk in patients with intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD), one-year results of the WOVEN* trial, presented at the International Stroke Conference (ISC) 2020, have shown.
Adding cilostazol to other antiplatelet agents could potentially reduce in-stent restenosis (ISR) among patients with carotid artery stenosis who undergo carotid artery stenting (CAS), according to results of the CAS-CARE* trial presented at ISC 2020.
outperformed warfarin in preventing ischaemic events regardless of prior stroke,
transient ischaemic attack (TIA), or thromboembolic event (TE) in patients with
atrial fibrillation (AF) with recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or percutaneous
coronary intervention (PCI), a
prespecified secondary analysis of the AUGUSTUS trial has shown.
The eicosapeptide nerinetide did not improve outcomes in patients with large vessel occlusion-related acute ischaemic stroke who underwent endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). However, patients not treated with alteplase appeared to derive some benefit, results from the multinational ESCAPE-NA1* trial showed.
Prompt treatment with tranexamic acid may reduce intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) growth in patients with ongoing bleeding, though the timing of treatment appears to be key to improved outcomes, according to a study presented at ISC 2020.
The lower 0.25 mg/kg dose of the thrombolytic tenecteplase may be sufficient for reperfusion of blocked vessels prior to thrombectomy in patients with ischaemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion compared with the 0.4 mg/kg dose, according to the EXTEND-IA TNK* Part 2 study presented at the ISC 2020 Meeting.
Skipping intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) before mechanical thrombectomy (MT) may have similarly favourable outcomes to using tPA pre-MT in patients with acute stroke, according to the SKIP* study presented at ISC 2020.
Home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPTM) combined with telephone-based nurse case management (NCM) led to a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure (BP) among minority stroke survivors with uncontrolled hypertension than HBPTM alone, according to a study presented at ISC 2020.
For the first time, surgeons have successfully used a robot to treat brain aneurysm, a study presented at ISC 2020 has shown. This would eventually allow for remote robotic surgery in patients with limited or no access to endovascular treatments currently.
Obesity does not appear to be strongly correlated with an increased risk for febrile neutropaenia during levofloxacin prophylaxis in patients with haematological malignancies receiving intermediate-risk myelosuppressive chemotherapy, suggests a study.
Initiation or switch to the single-tablet regimen of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) led to low HIV-1 RNA viral load in people living with HIV (PLHIV), according to the BICSTaR study presented at HIV Glasgow 2020.
Use of corticosteroids appears to be an effective treatment for paediatric drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), suggest the results of a recent study. In severe cases, corticosteroids used in conjunction with intravenous immunoglobulin result in fast clinical improvement.
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) seem to benefit from using chlorhexidine oral rinses twice daily as shown by the reduction in oral and sputum microbiota alpha diversity and by clinically significant improvements in COPD symptoms, according to a study presented at ID Week 2020.